- Latihan Soal
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- Text - Tag Questions
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- Text No 41 - 47
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The … accountant feels exhausted when he gets home.
Mr. Clarke has … a big house that it takes a long time to paint the wall and decorate it.
(D) such as
Based on the research, as soon as a person …, he will immediately check their phone.
(A) will wake up
(B) wakes up
(C) wake up
(D) woke up
No sooner … at the education fair than the presentation from University of Harvard was over.
(A) had we come
(B) we had come
(C) did we come
(D) we come
James Dawson, …, finally became vice president of the company in 1989.
(A) was an administration officer in 1972
(B) he was an administration officer in 1972
(C) an administration officer in 1972
(D) whose an administration officer in 1972
The study found that many … are unresponsive to socio-economic and technological changes in the rural sector.
Winona could not explain why … to a convent school.
(A) her parents sent her
(B) did her parents send her
(C) were her parents sending her
(D) her parents were sending her
If we see how the new manager treats us, it is very clear that he is … than the previous one.
(D) more kind
The surrounding grew … after the submarine descended to the deepest part of the ocean.
The parents should not risk … the children in the pool without surveillance.
(A) to leave
(D) for leaving
Just because I once got a speeding ticket, my parents object to … taking the car for even short drives.
By the time Judy finishes her breakfast, we … at her apartment.
(A) will have arrived
(B) would have finished
(C) will arrive
… between Limpopo and Luvuvhu Rivers, Kruger National Park is the ancestral home of the Makulele people.
(C) To situate
(D) Having been
We were going to watch …, but the review said that it was a flop.
(A) the movie frightening
(B) the frightened movie
(C) the frightening movie
(D) the frighten movie
My sister attends two subjects this semester, one is Public Administration and … is Statistics.
(A) the other
(D) the others
Susan was self-reliant and hardly ever … any assistance from others.
(A) she accepted
(B) was she accepted
(C) she did accept
(D) did she accept
Kate and her children … when the police told her that her husband had died of car crash.
(A) broke down
(B) broke out
(C) broke up
(D) broke in
… about Mr. Ron’s behaviour sooner, I would have fired him immediately.
(A) Had been known
(B) Had I known
(D) If I knew
All people … in the event are given notebooks for souvenirs.
(A) that participated
(B) which participating
Indonesia palm oil production … if the government prolonged the forest moratorium.
(A) will be hampered
(B) would be hampered
(C) would have been hampered
(D) was hampered
This ... statue was made about 100 years ago by an Italian sculptor.
(A) brown wooden interesting
(B) wooden interesting brown
(C) interesting wooden brown
(D) interesting brown wooden
... marijuana is known as an illegal substance in Indonesia, The White Union has been trying to eradicate that misconception.
(B) In spite of
As soon as the midfielder ... the ball, the striker will shoot it to the goal.
(C) will pass
(D) have passed
The bus is about to leave, thus, let’s get into the bus, ...?
(A) are we
(B) aren’t we
(C) shan’t we
(D) shall we
The airline requires that the passenger ... his seat belt fastened at all times during take-off and landing.
The professor got the absentee ... three chapters of management book.
(A) to summarize
No sooner ... the train station than she changed her mind to go by bus.
(A) she reached
(B) did she reach
(C) she had reached
(D) had she reached
Madam Levin requires that her employee ... more cooperative in the next meeting.
Daniel, accompanied by her parents, ... going to attend his college graduation ceremony.
Find the wrong word in the following sentence!
|The survey found||that||the more people use social|
|media, the||least||likely||they will concern||about||privacy.|
|My brother told||us||that he||once||hiked||a||Mount|
|Lawu||on||the East and Central Java border.|
|Natalie Portman||was proud||of||her||when she||won|
|an Oscar award||for||the Best Actress in 2011.|
|On||March, the public||was shocked||by a video of female students|
|According to||the survey, the number of||Indonesians||people|
|Neither of those students||have||a clue||to solve|
|the||mathematics||problem||assigned||by the teacher.|
|Chinese people||adore||cats much because of their ability|
|to kill||mice,||their||bravery, and||have||smooth fur.|
|Trustworthy||legislators must be||accountability||for|
|the promises they made to||their||voters.|
|West countries always support the||principal|
|that all citizens have the equal right||regardless|
|gender, religion, race||or||skin color.|
Lymphatic filariasis, commonly known as elephantiasis, is a neglected tropical disease. Infection occurs when filarial parasites are transmitted to humans through mosquitoes. When a mosquito with infective stage larvae bites a person, the parasites are deposited on the person’s skin from where they enter the body. The larvae then migrate to the lymphatic vessels where they develop into adult worms forming 'nests' in the human lymphatic system. Infection is usually acquired in childhood, but the painful and profoundly disfiguring visible manifestations of the disease occur later in life. Whereas acute episodes of the disease cause temporary disability, lymphatic filariasis leads to permanent disability.
Currently, more than 1.3 billion people in 81 countries are at risk. Approximately 65% of those infected live in the WHO South-East Asia Region, 30% in the African Region, and the remainder in other tropical areas. Lymphatic filariasis afflicts over 25 million men with genital disease and over 15 million people with lymphoedema. Since the prevalence and intensity of infection are linked to poverty, its elimination can contribute to achieving the United Nation Millennium Development Goals.
Lymphatic filariasis infection involves asymptomatic, acute, and chronic conditions. The majority of infections are asymptomatic, showing no external signs of infection. These asymptomatic infections still cause damage to the lymphatic system and the kidneys as well as alter the body's immune system.
Acute episodes of local inflammation involving skin, lymph nodes and lymphatic vessels often accompany the chronic lymphoedema or elephantiasis. Some of these episodes are caused by the body's immune response to the parasite. However most are the result of bacterial skin infection where normal defences have been partially lost due to underlying lymphatic damage.
When lymphatic filariasis develops into chronic conditions, it leads to lymphoedema (tissue swelling) or elephantiasis (skin/tissue thickening) of limbs and hydrocele (fluid accumulation). Involvement of breasts and genital organs is common.
(Adapted from various sources - PTT BPPK)
The pronoun its in paragraph 2 refers to ....
How many people from other tropical areas were moreless infected with Lymphatic Filariasis?
(A) 1,3 billions
(B) 845 millions
(C) 390 millions
(D) 65 millions
The majority of the acute local inflammation is caused by ....
(A) body's immune's response
(B) underlying lymphatic damage
(C) bacterial skin infection
(D) fluid accumulation
Which of the following is NOT TRUE about Lymphatic Filariasis?
(A) It transmitted to human by filarial parasites
(B) Its infections are mostly asymptomatic
(C) Its chronic episodes can influence genital organs
(D) It commonly affects people living in poor condition
The word prevalence in paragraph 2 can best be replaced by ....
Where in the passage does the author discuss the spread of Lymphatic Filariasis?
(A) paragraph 1
(B) paragraph 2
(C) paragraph 3
(D) paragraph 4
What is the main idea of the passage?
(A) the development of Lymphatic Filariasis
(B) the expansion of Lymphatic Filariasis
(C) the symptoms of Lymphatic Filariasis
(D) the episodes of Lymphatic Filariasis
Nikola Tesla, a Serbian by parentage, began working for the phone company in Budapest. In 1882, he headed for Paris, where he took a job with the Continental Edison Company. He was invited to work stateside after his supervisor wrote a recommendation praising the young man as a genius on par with Thomas Alfa Edison himself. While he hired Tesla, Edison thought the man's ideas were “splendid” but “utterly impractical.” Edison relied heavily on tedious experimentation for most of his discoveries, a commitment which some historians attribute partially to his lack of formal education. Tesla, in contrast, was an emotionally driven dreamer with years of engineering training, which allowed him to work out theories before physically implementing them.
At some point, Tesla insisted that he could increase the efficiency of Edison's prototypical dynamos, and eventually wore down Edison enough to let him try. Edison, Tesla later claimed, even promised him $50,000 if he succeeded. Tesla worked around the clock for several months and made a great deal of progress. When he demanded his reward, Edison claimed the offer was a joke, saying, “When you become a full-fledged American, you will appreciate an American joke." Edison offered a $10/week raise, instead. Ever prideful, Tesla quit, and spent the next few months picking up odd jobs across New York City.
Edison's least favorite of Tesla's “impractical” ideas was the concept of using alternating current (AC) technology to bring electricity to the people. Edison insisted that his own direct current (DC) system was superior, in that it maintained a lower voltage from power station to consumer, and was, therefore, safer. But AC technology, which allows the flow of energy to periodically change direction, is more practical for transmitting massive quantities of energy, as is required by a large city, or hub of industry, say. At the time, DC technology only allowed for a power grid with a one-mile radius from the power source. The conflict between the two methods and their masters came to be known as the War of Currents. In the end, AC won out. George Westinghouse, an inventor, entrepreneur, and engineer who had himself been feuding with Edison for years, fulfilled Tesla's dream of building a power plant at Niagara Falls to power New York City, and built upon its principles the same system of local power grids we use today.
(Adapted from various sources - PTT BPPK)
Which one is NOT TRUE about Nikola Tesla?
(A) he worked for Edison's company
(B) he built a power plant at Niagara Falls
(C) he had a better educational background than Edison
(D) he worked out theories before physically implementing them
The rivalry between Tesla and Edison took place in ....
(A) 17th century
(B) 18th century
(C) 19th century
(D) 20th century
What is the main idea of the passage?
(A) the rivalry between Tesla and Edison
(B) the superiority of AC system
(C) the invention of AC and DC system
(D) the biography of Nikola Tesla
The word its in paragraph 3 refers to ....
(A) New York City
(B) power plant
(C) AC system
(D) the combination of AC and DC principles
Which one is the advantage of DC system?
(A) it maintains a lower voltage from power station to consumer
(B) it allows for a power grid with a one mile radius from the power source
(C) it is more practical for transmitting massive quantities of energy
(D) it is more economical to be applied
What can be inferred from the passage?
(A) George Westinghouse and Nikola Tesla were best friend
(B) George Westinghouse has invented the generator that we use today
(C) George Westinghouse admired Edison’s work
(D) George Westinghouse rarely agreed with Edison
The word tedious in paragraph 1 is closest in meaning to ....
Also known as Hutchinson-Gilford Syndrome, Progeria Syndrome is an extremely rare genetic disease. In this disease the aging process of the body accelerates much faster than what it does in normal humans. This process of aging gallops to about seven times the normal rate. Because of this, a child of ten years would have a look of 70 years old. He or she may also have similar respiratory, cardiovascular, and arthritic conditions that a 70-year-old would have.
There is no cure for this disease. The exact cause is unknown, but it is believed due to a single abnormal (mutant) gene. Normally for each gene there are two copies, one from each parent. Progeria is considered to be the result of a dominant mutation because the gene in question has one normal copy and one abnormal copy, as opposed to a recessive mutation in which both copies are abnormal. Because neither parent carries or expresses the mutation, each case is believed to represent a sporadic new mutation which happens at the time of conception.
Progeria affects between 1 in 8 million (approx.) children, with a total reported incidence of just over 100 in the century since it has been identified. There are currently between 30 and 40 known cases worldwide of Progeria. Children from all races and cultures from around the world have been affected.
Because of the lack of a specific laboratory test at this time, the diagnosis must be based on the physical appearance of the individual. The diagnosis is usually made in the first or second year of life when skin changes and failure to gain weight become apparent.
Research indicates that a chemical (hyaluronic acid) may be found in greatly elevated levels in the urine of Hutchinson-Gilford Progeria Syndrome patients. The same abnormality has been found in Werner Syndrome, which is sometimes called ‘progeria of the adult’.
(Adapted from various sources - PTT BPPK)
The pronoun it in paragraph 3 refers to ....
The following paragraph will most likely talk about ....
(A) the symptoms of Progeria of the adult
(B) the research about Werner Syndrome
(C) the process of level of urine elevation
(D) the chemical found in Progeria patients
The author's main purpose in the passage is to ....
(A) show the cause of Progeria syndrome
(B) state the result of Progeria syndrome research
(C) give examples about the spread of Progeria syndrome
(D) give explanation about Progeria syndrome
The word apparent in paragraph 4 is closest in meaning to ....
According to the passage, which of the following is NOT TRUE about Progeria?
(A) it is believed to be the result of recessive mutation
(B) it shares similar abnormality with Werner Syndrome
(C) it can be diagnosed from the patient's skin changes
(D) it is a genetic disease which affects the aging process