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Joey : “I wonder if you would mind examining my paper.”
Tina : “I wouldn’t mind.”
The underlined expression show that Joey ....
(A) shows indifference
(B) makes a request
(C) accepts a request
(D) rejects a request
Lim : “I got an A for the test. I thought I would never make it. ....”
The best expression to fill the gap above is ....
(A) thank goodness
(C) don’t worry
Situation : Jim’s father has passed away. You are visiting his house to show your condolence.
It is polite to say : “....”
(A) I am so sorry
(B) it’s not important
(C) I love you
(D) I’m really upset with you right now
(E) leave me be
Your friend can’t stop talking and you are a little bit annoyed.
You may say : “....”
(A) how sorrowful it is
(B) I’m so furious
(C) I have fallen for you
(D) I am shy to say so
(E) would you stop that?
A motorist, driving by a large ranch, accidentally hit and killed a calf that was crossing the road. The driver
went to the owner of the calf and explained what had happened. He then asked what the animal was worth.
“Oh, about $200 today,” said the rancher. “But in six years it would be worth $900. So $900 is what I’m out.
The motorist sat down, wrote out a cheque and handed it to the farmer.
“Here,” he said, “is the cheque for $900. It’s postdated six years from now.”
Text taken from: http://www.joe-ks.com/archives_jul2008/Fair_Compensation.html
Rainforests are one of the most complicated environments on Earth. They are recognized worldwide as containing the richest source of plants and animals and are believed to contain nearly three-quarters of all the varieties of life on Earth. This is remarkable because rainforests cover only about six per cent of the Earth’s land surface.
Rainforest are the oldest major ecosystem, having survived climate changes for more than one million years. They provide habitats for more species of plants, animals, insects and birds than any other environment found on our planet. Scientists estimate that between 60 and 90 percent of all species of life are to be found in rain forests. Unfortunately, the widespread destruction of many of the world’s rainforests has caused a significant decline in the number of plant and animal species on Earth.
Rainforests influence both our local and global climates. For example, between 50 and 80 percent of the moisture in the air above rainforests comes from the rainforest’s trees. If large areas of these lush rainforests are cleared, the average rainfall in the area will drop. Eventually, the area’s climate will get hotter and drier. This process could convert rainforests into a sparse grassland or desert.
Rainforests are also able to absorb over 90 percent of the rainfall in their leaves and mosses. By doing this, they are able to slow down water run-off by gradually releasing the water over time into streams and rivers. This helps to control soil erosion and flooding.
Rainforests are vital to the Earth in helping to recycle carbon and oxygen. Carbon dioxide (CO2) is the gas put into the air globally by humans, mainly by the burning of fossil fuels (for example in cars and factories). Rainforests are able to remove carbon dioxide from the air and return oxygen in its place. This is why our global rainforests are often called the Earth’s ‘lungs’.
Rainforests are major producers of the Earth’s oxygen. In fact, scientists believe that nearly 50 percent of the Earth’s oxygen is produced by rainforest in the Amazon region alone. Nearly 40 percent of the world’s carbon is contained in the trees of the rainforests. As rainforests are cut down and burned, carbon dioxide is released into the Earth’s atmosphere. Eventually, as this gas builds up the atmosphere, leading to what scientists call the enhanced greenhouse effect.
To sum up, the role of the rainforest is essential for human life. It creates equilibrium in our environment and its resources are significant for human beings survival.
Taken from SOSE: Studies of Society and Environment, 2000
Text taken from: Developing English Competencies by Achmad Doddy, pp. 65.
Choose T if the statement is true and F if it is false according to the text.
T-F Rainforests are unimportant to our life on Earth
T-F Many rainforest-rich countries are facing a situation in which it is very difficult to preserve their rainforests
Fill in the blank with sentences that show advice!
A : “Where is the rest of the money I gave you?”
B : “I told the shopkeeper to keep it.”
A : “You ... about it because I’ll ask the shopkeeper tomorrow.”
(A) should lie
(B) had better lie
(C) had better not lie
(D) ought to lie
(E) shouldn’t have lied
Complete the dialogues below by choosing the best answers!
A : “May I speak to Mr. Robert Shaw?”
B : “I am sorry. You .... There’s no one here by that name.”
(A) must have the wrong number
(B) might have the wrong number
(C) must have had the wrong number
(D) might have had the wrong number
(E) should have had the wrong number
A : “I just bought a new phone.”
B : “Don’t lie to me. I know how much money you have in your bank account. You ....”
(A) must have bought it
(B) may have bought it
(C) may not have bought it
(D) could have bought it
(E) couldn’t have bought it
A : “Do you think Tina will pass the exam?”
B : “I am not sure. Tina can get a bit lazy sometimes. She ....”
(A) may pass the exam
(B) should pass the exam
(C) will pass the exam
(D) passes the exam
(E) ought to pass the exam
A : “Henry arrived home very late last night, but he said he went straight home from work.”
B : “He ... in a traffic jam.”
(A) must caught
(B) must be catching
(C) must have been caught
(D) must be caught
(E) must catch
A : “I finally bought a computer, but I am not satisfied with it.”
B : “That’s too bad. You ... Darno, our computer technician, for advice.”
(A) may be asked
(B) might have asked
(C) must ask
(D) must have been asked
(E) should have asked