- Latihan Soal
Most people can’t afford to buy private jets ... they are too expensive.
(C) so that
(D) in order that
The president, during the United Nations speech held a day ago, ... that violence against women is a despicable reality around the world.
(D) would state
Because of experiencing bereavement. some people consider ... suicide to let go of their sorrow.
(B) to commit
A researcher from Germany found that people from lower socio-economic status prefer higher monthly salary to higher yearly bonuses ... the latter yields more income per year.
(B) even though
My father was fired from his job. Therefore, my mother and I must be ... in terms of spending money.
Frankly, I don’t understand ... things they do not need.
(A) why do people usually purchase
(B) why people usually purchase
(C) why did people usually purchase
(D) why people usually purchased
Yangon, ... the former capital of Myanmar. Is the largest city of Myanmar, with the population of nearly six million.
(B) which is
(D) that is
‘I have just lost my wallet.’
‘What? You had it five minutes ago. The pregnant women who bumped you with her shoulders ... your wallet.’
(A) must steal
(B) must be stolen
(C) must have stolen
(D) must have been stolen
On the top of that hill ... which was built in the 14th century ACE.
(A) the grand castle stands
(B) where the grand castle stands
(C) stands the grand castle
(D) the grand castle does stand
Never ... to my parents with such an impolite manner.
(A) I have talked
(B) I talked
(C) have I
(D) have I talked
..., my father will let me study abroad.
(A) if I get the highest English exam score
(B) if I got the highest English exam score
(C) if I had gotten the highest English exam score
(D) had I gotten the highest English exam score
The police interrogated me in a room with ... mirror.
(A) two ways
(D) two way
As the sea lays in the middle of five countries, it has become the world’s ... sea.
(A) most disputing
(B) most disputed
(C) most dispute
(D) most disputes
Diamonds ... in South Africa in 1867 and it made a great number of people to come to South Africa from Europe.
(C) was found
(D) was founded
Sputnik 1 was ....
(A) the first artificial Soviet satellite
(B) the artificial first Soviet satellite
(C) the Soviet first artificial satellite
(D) the first Soviet artificial satellite
It is problematic to visit a place, the climate ... is too harsh.
(B) of it
(C) of which
(D) of whom
Before Tina’s uncle passed away, she had thought that her uncle deserved ... sick.
(B) to be
(C) having been
(D) to have
You were expelled from school. You ... on that exam.
(A) shouldn’t cheat
(B) shouldn’t have cheated
(C) mustn’t cheat
(D) mustn’t have cheated
... last year, I would be in the second year of the university now.
(A) if I get accepted in the university
(B) if I got accepted in the university
(C) if I had been accepted in the university
(D) if I had accepted in the university
Text for number 21 - 24.
Cheese is food (21) ... from milk that is produced in a wide range of flavors, textures, and forms by coagulation of the milk protein casein. It comprises proteins and fat from milk, usually the milk of cows, buffalo, goats, or sheep during (22) ..., the milk is usually acidified. Adding the enzyme rennet causes coagulation. The solids are separated and pressed into final form. Some cheeses have molds on the rind or throughout. Most cheeses ... (23) at a cooking temperature Hundreds of types of cheese from various countries are produced. Their styles, textures, and flavors depend (24) ... the origin of the milk (including the animals’ diet), whether they have been pasteurized, the butterfat content, the bacteria and mold, the processing, and aging.
Cheese is valued for its portability, long life, and high content of fat, protein, calcium, and phosphorus. Cheese is more compact and has a longer shelf life than milk. although its shelf life depends on the type of cheese (25) ... speaking, hard cheeses such as parmesan last longer than soft cheeses such as goats milk cheese.
(A) which derive
(B) which is derived
(C) which derives
(D) which deriving
Text for number 26 - 30.
Charles Dickens was an English writer and social (26) ... He created some of the worlds best-known fictional characters and is regarded as the greatest novelist of the Victorian era. His works enjoyed unprecedented popularity during his lifetime, and by the twentieth century, critics and scholars had recognized him as a literary genius. His novels and short stories enjoy (27) ... popularity.
Dickens’s literary success began with the 1836 serial publication of The Pickwick Papers. Within a few years he had become an international literary celebrity, famous for his humour, satire, and keen observation of characters and society. His novels, (28) ... in monthly or weekly installments, pioneered the serial publication of narrative fiction, which became the dominant Victorian mode for novel publication. The installment format allowed Dickens (29) ... his audience’s reaction, and he often modified his plot and character development based on such feedback (30) .... when his wife’s chiropodist expressed distress at the way Miss Mowcher in David Copperfield seemed to reflect her disabilities, Dickens improved the character with positive features.
(A) which mostly published
(B) which mostly publishing
(C) mostly publishing
(D) mostly published
Choose the one word or phrase which would not be appropriate in standard write English!
Sound waves can go through (A) air, which (B) is (C) how we normal (D) experience it.
Many people in Indonesia continue (A) to smoke despite abundant (B) evidence that smoking cigarettes is (C) extremely unhealthfully (D).
Not only did (A) Sir Arthur Conan Doyle wrote (B) detective stories but he also (C) wrote (D) historical stories.
Mesa Verde National Park in Colorado, which (A) has one of the most amazing sights (B) in the United States, remain (C) one of the most intriguing archaeological (D) sites in the country.
Benjamin Franklin suggested (A) the idea of Daylight Saving Time back in 1784, as (B) a way to economize on sunlight and burning (C) fewer candles during (D) winter mornings and nights.
More than (A) 120 images of ancient Egyptian boats has (B) been discovered adorning (C) the inside (D) of a building in Abydos, Egypt.
The joule is a common unit of energy defined (A) as the number (B) of energy it takes (C) to apply a force of one Newton through a distance of one meter (D).
A food chain shows how each living thing (A) gets (B) food, and how nutrients and energy are (C) passed from creature until (D) creature.
Despite she had troubles (A), Elizabeth I of (B) England reigned with (C) intelligence and hard (D) work.
Guglielmo Marconi was an Italian inventor and electrical engineer (A) known as (B) his pioneering work on long-distance radio transmission (C) and his development of (D) Marconi’s law.
Text A for Number 41 - 46.
Isadora Duncan was an American pioneer of dance and is an important figure in both the arts and history. Known as the “Mother of Modern Dance”, Isadora Duncan was a self- styled revolutionary whose influence spread from America to Europe and Russia, creating a sensation everywhere she performed. Her style of dancing eschewed the rigidity of ballet because she championed the notion of free-spiritedness. She brought into being a totally new way to dance. With free-flowing costumes, bare feet, and loose hair, She took to the stage inspired by the ancient Greeks, the music of classical composers, the wind and the sea. Duncan shed the restrictive corsets of the Victorian era and broke away from the vocabulary of the ballet.
During her youth in San Francisco, Isadora had already formulated her signature movement style. As she matured, she developed her choreography and started setting her dances to early Italian music, with costumes and dance motifs inspired by Renaissance paintings and ancient Greek myths. As a "California Novelty" Duncan was invited to perform for salons and garden parties by wealthy patrons of the arts. She was often met with opposition and ridicule. Eventually, this original Californian caught the attention of the Hungarian press. In 1902 her debut performances in Budapest with a full orchestra were a critical success and ran sold-out for 30 days.
In 1905, Isadora settled in Gruenwald outside of Berlin and opened her first dance school. She subsidized the entire establishment with proceeds from her tours. Along with her sister Elizabeth, she started training young dancers who would become her performing company. Initially, she enrolled twenty girls and boys, but her effort to include the latter was unsuccessful and was finally dropped due to lack of funds.
By this time, Isadora had begun to achieve celebrity status among the artistic and Cultural illuminati of her day Auguste Rodin. Michel Fokine Vasiav Nijinsky and Gertrude Stein all paid tribute to her in scuIpture choreography and poetry, When the Theatre des Champs-Elysees was constructed in 1913, Isadora’s lmage was sculpted by Antonine Bourdelle for the facade and murals In the auditorium.
The underlined word eschewed in paragraph 1 is closest in meaning to ....
(B) give up
The underlined phrase the latter in paragraph 3 refers to ....
(A) Isadora Duncan
(B) Isadora Duncan’s dance company
(C) the girls
(D) the boys
The author writes:
“Auguste Rodin, ... auditorium.” (underlined sentences in the last paragraph) in order to ....
(A) challenge the reader’s point of view
(B) contradict the author’s statement given before
(C) support the author’s statement given before
(D) explain how Isadora Duncan gets inspiration from fellow artists of that time
All the following are TRUE according to the text, EXCEPT ....
(A) Isadora Duncan did not wear corsets from Victorian era when she danced
(B) Isadora Duncan has never composed her own dances
(C) some people had objections towards Isadora Duncan’s dance
(D) Isadora’s plan to train boys to dance did not work. successfully
It can be inferred from the text that ....
(A) Isadora Duncan created her first dance school with her money.
(B) Isadora Duncan may get inspiration not only from history but also from nature
(C) Isadora was a famous figure
(D) Isadora dance style was unique at that time
What is text mainly about?
(A) Isadora Duncan’s childhood
(B) Isadora Duncan’s teaching experience
(C) the life of Isadora Duncan
(D) Isadora Duncan’s life before her fame
Text B for number 47 - 53.
Seahorses are truly unique, and not just because of their unusual equine shape. Unlike most other fish, they are monogamous and mate for life. Rarer still, they are among the only animal species on Earth in which the male bears the offspring.
Found in shallow tropical and temperate waters throughout the world, these upright-swimming relatives of the pipefish can range in size from 0.6 inches (1.5 centimeters) to 14 inches (35 centimeters) long.
Male seahorses are equipped with a brood pouch on their ventral, or front-facing side. When mating, the female deposits her eggs into his pouch, and the male fertilizes them internally. He carries the eggs in his pouch until they hatch, then releases fully formed, miniature seahorses into the water.
Because of their body shape, seahorse are rather inept swimmers. As a result, they can easily die of exhaustion when caught in storm-roiled seas. They propel themselves by using a small fin on their back that flutters up to 35 times per second. Even smaller pectoral fins located near the back of the head are used for steering.
They anchor themselves with their tails to sea grasses and corals, using their elongated snouts to suck in plankton and small crustaceans that drift by. Voracious eaters, they eat continually and can consume 3,000 or more brine shrimp per day.
Population data for most of the world's thirty-five seahorse species is sparse. However, worldwide coastal habitat depletion, pollution, and rampant harvesting, mainly for use in Asian traditional medicine, have made several species vulnerable to extinction.
What is the topic of paragraph 3?
(A) the uniqueness of seahorses.
(B) how seahorses live.
(C) how seahorses mate.
(D) the way seahorses survive from predators
The underlined word inept in paragraph 4 most likely means ....
The passage above is mostly found in a ... article.
Which one is TRUE according to the text?
(A) Seahorses use their fins to swim
(B) Seahorses consume sea grasses and corals with their tails
(C) that male get pregnant is a uncommon in most species on Earth
(D) Pipefish are usually 0.6 to 15 inches long
Seahorses population may decrease because of the following, EXCEPT ....
(B) the reduction in coastal habitat
(C) gathering of crops
The underlined word they in paragraph 4 refers to ....
(A) Seahorses body shape
(C) storm-roiled seas
(D) miniature Seahorses
What is the main topic of the passage above?
(A) the characteristics of seahorses
(B) the history of seahorses
(C) how seahorses are among the unique species on Earth
(D) the danger of seahorses population
Text C for number 54 - 60.
Observing finance and accounting professionals-or the way academics at most business schools train them-might lead you to believe that finance and accounting is a complex and arcane language understood only by an initiated few. For an entrepreneur. the truth is that accounting and finance are the only tools to accomplish one of the most important key tasks: to make predictions about the future.
An entrepreneur makes business predictions through three basic projections, or estimation: future revenues, future operating costs. and assets needed to service future demand. Accounting and finance can help because they give us analytical tools to make projections and to link what we expect to happen in the real world with the value added by our efforts.
In the early stages of a venture, projections can unite a team by making a fuzzy vision more concrete, measurable, and actionable. Their actions and steps can be broken out, so progress can be measured in quantitative goals.
In the middle stages of a business, financial statements–output produced by accounting and finance methods–measure whether earlier predictions that business people made were accurate. Trends in sales and costs can be projected into the future. The past results of sales strategies and a measuring of today's sales leads will make it easier to predict tomorrow's revenues. Likewise, understanding each step in the supply chain, manufacturing process, and delivery will help predict how cost will change with revenues.
In later stages of a business, financial statements can reduce a complex reality into elegant simplicity if they are used correctly. so you can separate noise in the data from what really matters, enabling a large battleship of a company to be turned away from danger.
What is the main idea of paragraph 1?
(A) it is essential for an entrepreneur to understand accounting and finance
(B) business schools train professionals to understand accounting and finance
(C) accounting and finance is mostly understood by academics at business schools
(D) accounting can make predictions about the future
The underlined word fuzzy in paragraph 2 can be replaced by ....
What is the main topic of the passage?
(A) how a business vision could be translated into concrete steps
(B) how accounting and finance can help an entrepreneur in making predictions
(C) how financial statements could steer away a company from danger
(D) how accounting and finance should be taught to entrepreneurs
The following are TRUE according to the text, EXCEPT ....
(A) entrepreneurs can have accountants hired so they only need limited knowledge of accounting and finance
(B) quantitative goals can be produced by projections which is accomplished by understanding finance and accounting
(C) financial statements help a business to filter relevant information
(D) financial statements can compare business prediction and reality
What is the importance of finance and accounting in the middle stage of business Finance and accounting ....
(A) enable a business to create quantitative goals derived from vision
(B) enable a business to simplify a complex reality to focus on what really matters
(C) measure the accuracy of earlier business predictions
(D) replace supply chain and manufacturing costs with revenues
The underlined word they in the last paragraph refers to ....
(B) financial statements
(C) complex reality and elegant simplicity