- Latihan Soal
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From the moment you arrive in Marrakesh, you’ll get the distinct feeling you’ve left something behind-a toothbrush or socks, maybe? But no, what you’ll be missing in Marrakesh is predictability and all sense of direction. Never mind: you’re better off without them here. Marrakesh is too packed with mind-boggling distractions and labyrinthine alleyways to adhere to boring linear logic. If you did have a destination, you’d only be stopped by snake charmers, donkey carts, trendy silver leather poufs and ancient Berber cures for everything from relationships to rent.
Start at action-packed Djemaa el-Fna, and if you can tear yourself away from the castanet-clanging water-sellers and turbaned potion-sellers, head into Marrakesh’s maze of covered market streets. Dive in headfirst at any street headed north off the Djemaa el-Fna, and with any luck you’ll emerge exhilarated and triumphant some hours later, carpet in tow.
Marrakesh’s old town is an ideal place to explore palaces, stay in a palatial traditional guesthouse, and sample a dish of piping-hot snails. But it’s worth leaving the old city occasionally for dinner, drinks, art galleries and fixed-price boutiques in the new town. Go with the flow, and become an honorary Marrakshi bahja (joyous one).
What is the text above?
(A) The description of palaces in Marrakesh
(B) The best destination in the world
(C) The description of Marrakesh
(D) The most important city in Morocco
(E) The history of Marrakesh
Based on the text, you can find all the followings in Marrakesh, EXCEPT …
(A) snake charmers
(B) a toothbrush
(C) turbaned potion-sellers
(E) donkey carts
While Renaissance architecture was characterized by circles and straight lines, the Baroque was the era of ovals and undulating walls which alternated between concave and convex. Baroque buildings became ever more elaborately ornamented. Interiors were covered in paintings, and windows and doors were capped with complex shapes. Garlands, vases, urns, cartouches, and scrolling were used for decoration. Composite capitals and other variations on the ancient orders were used. Pilasters (columns partly attached to walls) appeared on facades in great abundance. In order to appear more monumental, columns and pilasters were paired and often extended over two or more stories, forming what is called the colossal order. In order to maximize drama and grandeur, architects came to incorporate the spaces around buildings themselves in their designs. The manipulation of the surrounding environments was highly controlled. Shrubs and hedges were cut into cubic shapes, flowers were planted in geometric patterns, and the gardens and woodlands surrounding palaces were penetrated by straight rays of avenues. This total control molded the viewer’s entire experience of the shapes.
What is the topic of the text?
(A) The Baroque and Renaissance architecture
(B) The Renaissance architecture
(C) The Baroque architecture
(D) The world’s architecture
(E) The architects
The synonym of the underlined word “abundance” most likely is …
What is NOT TRUE according to the text?
(A) the Baroque architecture had many circles and straight lines
(B) the Baroque buildings were ornamented in detail
(C) the Baroque buildings used many pilasters on facades
(D) the Baroque architects also designed surrounding spaces around the building
(E) Garlands were used for the Baroque decorations
The appearance of wizards in fantasy art, and description in literature, is uniform to a great extent, from the appearance of Merlin in Arthurian related texts to those of Gandalf in The Lord of the Rings. The association with age means that wizards, both men and women, are often depicted as old, white-haired, and (for men) with long white beards so majestic as to occasionally become host to lurking woodland creatures. It predates the modern fantasy genre, being derived from the traditional image of wizards such as Merlin. Some theorize the look of the wizard is modeled after the Germanic god Woden or Odin as he was described in his wanderer guise as being an old man with a long gray beard, baggy robes, a wide-brimmed hat and walking with a staff, he has been hypothesized as the main influence for Tolkien’s Gandaif. Women, especially those termed ‘enchantresses’, are more likely to appear young, though that is often the effect of magic.
Their clothing is often typical as well. Wizards commonly wear robes or cloaks and pointed hats. These are often brightly colored and spangled with stars and moons, astrological symbols, or with magical sigils. They may also be of gold. The coloring may have significance with in the fantasy worlds in The Lord of the Rings, the wizards have colors assigned to them, indicative of rank. When Gandalf the Grey becomes Gandalf the White, it is a major ascension of status, whereas in the Dragonlance Dungeons and Dragons setting, the wizards show their moral alignment by their robes. Terry Pratchett described this common attire as a way of establishing to those they meet that the person is capable of practicing magic.
Wizards may accessorize their wardrobe with magical props, such as crystal balls, wands, staves, books, potions, scrolls or tinkling bells, while often rounding out their appearance with ever-present animal companions, which may act as familiars. Stories in contemporary settings resembling the real world, such as those of Harry Potter, sometimes eschew some or all of these trappings for more conventional attire.
The underlined word “uniform” in paragraph 1 most nearly means …
(A) the clothing worn by members of the same organization
Which may NOT be considered the wizards’ look?
(A) wearing robes or cloaks
(B) wearing pointed hats
(C) being an old man
(D) walking with a staff
(E) showing wisdom
What is NOT TRUE according to the text?
(A) enchantresses are more likely to appear young
(B) the Germanic god Odin is the main influence for Tolkien’s Gandalf
(C) in the Dragonlance Dungeons and Dragons, the wizards’ robes show moral alignment
(D) crystal balls may be one of wizards’ accessories
(E) wizards’ clothing is often typical
Taken from: Charlie and the Chocolate Factory, by Roald Dahi.
‘An important room, this!’ cried Mr Wonka, taking a bunch of keys from his pocket and slipping one into the keyhole of the door. ‘This is the nerve centre of the whole factory, the heart of the whole business! And so beautiful’ I insist upon my rooms being beautiful! I can’t abide ugliness in factories’ In we go, then! But do be careful, my dear children! Don’t lose your heads! Don’t get over-excited! Keep very calm!’
Mr Wonka opened the door. Five children and nine grown-ups pushed their way in–and oh, what an amazing sight it was that now met their eyes’
They were looking down upon a lovely valley. There were green meadows on either side of the valley, and along the bottom of it there flowed a great brown river.
What is more, there was a tremendous waterfall halfway along the river–a steep duff over which the water curled and rolled in a solid sheet. and then went crashing down into a boiling churning whirlpool of froth and spray.
Below the waterfall (and this was the most astonishing sight of all), a whole mass of enormous glass pipes were dangling down into the river from somewhere high up in the ceiling! They really were enormous, those pipes. There must have been a dozen of them at least, and they were sucking up the brownish muddy water from the river and carrying it away to goodness knows where. And because they were made of glass, you could see the liquid flowing and bubbling along inside them, and above the noise of the waterfall, you could hear the never-ending suck-suck-sucking sound of the pipes as they did their work.
Graceful trees and bushes were growing along the riverbanks–weeping willows and alders and tall clumps of rhododendrons with their pink and red and mauve blossoms. In the meadows there were thousands of buttercups.
‘There” cried Mr Wonka, dancing up and down and pointing his gold-topped cane at the great brown river. ‘It’s all chocolate! Every drop of that river is hot melted chocolate of the finest quality. The very finest quality. There’s enough chocolate in there to fill every bathtub in the entire country! And all the swimming pools as well! Isn’t it terrific? And just look at my pipes! They suck up the chocolate and carry it away to all the other rooms in the factory where it is needed! Thousands of gallons an hour, my dear children! Thousands and thousands of gallons!’
The children and their parents were too flabbergasted to speak. They were staggered. They were dumbfounded. They were bewildered and dazzIed. They were completely bowled over by the hugeness of the whole thing. They simply stood and stared.
‘The waterfall is most important!’ Mr Wonka went on. ‘It mixes the chocolate! It churns it up! It pounds it and beats it! It makes it light and frothy! No other factory in the world mixes its chocolate by waterfall! But it’s the only way to do it properly! The only way! And do you like my trees?’ he cried, pointing with his stick. ‘And my lovely bushes? Don’t you think they look pretty? I told you I hated ugliness! And of course they are all eatable’ All made of something different and delicious! And do you like my meadows? Do you like my grass and my buttercups? The grass you are standing on, my dear little ones, is made of a new kind of soft, minty sugar that I’ve just invented! I call it swudge! Try a blade! Please do! It’s detectable!’
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Automatically, everybody bent down and picked one blade of grass–everybody, that is, except Augustus Gloop, who took a big handful.
And Violet Beauregarde, before tasting her blade of grass, took the piece of world-record-breaking chewing gum out of her mouth and stuck it carefully behind her ear.
‘Isn’t it wonderful!’ whispered Charlie. ‘Hasn’t it got a wonderful taste, Grandpa?’
‘I could eat the whole field” said Grandpa Joe, grinning with delight. ‘I could go around on all fours like a cow and eat every blade of grass in the field!’
‘Try a buttercup” cried Mr Wonka. ‘They’re even nicer!’
Suddenly, the air was filled with screams of excitement. The screams came from Veruca Salt. She was pointing frantically to the other side of the river. ‘Look’ Look over there” she screamed. ‘What is it? He’s moving’ He’s walking’ It’s a little person! It’s a little man! Down there below the waterfall!’
Everybody stopped picking buttercups and stared across the river. ‘She’s right, Grandpa!’ cried Charlie. ‘It is a little man! Can you see him?’
‘I see him, Charlie!’ said Grandpa Joe excitedly.
And now everybody started shouting at once.
‘There’s two of them!’
‘My gosh, so there is!’
‘There’s more than two! There’s one, two, three, four, five!’
‘What are they doing?’
‘Where do they come from?’
‘Who are they?’
Children and parents a like rushed down to the edge of the river to get a closer look.
‘Aren’t they fantastic!’
‘No higher than my knee!’
‘Look at their funny long hair!’
The tiny men-they were no larger than medium-sized dolls-had stopped what they were doing, and now they were staring back across the river at the visitors. One of them pointed towards the children, and then he whispered something to the other four, and all five of them burst into peals of laughter.
But they can’t be real people,’ Charhe said.
‘Of course they’re real people,’ Mr Wonka answered. They’re Oompa-Loompas.’
The descriptions of the chocolate room were below, EXCEPT …
(A) there were very big glass pipes high up in the ceiling
(B) there was a great river made of chocolate
(C) there was a waterfall
(D) there were thousands of buttercups in the meadows
(E) there were marshmallows along the riverbanks
What did each character do in the text above?
(A) Augustus Gloop took more than one blade of grass
(B) Violet Beauregarde stuck her blade of grass behind her ear
(C) Veruca Salt pointed at an Mr.Wonka below the waterfall
(D) Grandpa Joe ate the whole field of grass
(E) Mr. Wonka asked everybody, except Augustus Gloop, to try the swudge
Below were the descriptions of Oompa-Loompas, EXCEPT ....
(A) they were not larger than medium sized dolls
(B) they had funny long hair
(C) there were five of them
(D) they were able to walk
(E) they had big mouths
All of these were Mr Wonka’s claims, EXCEPT ....
(A) Oompa-Loompas were real people
(B) the room they visited were important for the whole business
(C) the chocolate in the river was the finest quality chocolate
(D) only Mr.Wonka’s factory had chocolate waterfall
(E) Oompa-Loompas only existed in Mr. Wonka’s factory