- Latihan Soal
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- No 21 & Text (No 21-25)
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- Text No 41-46
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- Text No 47-53
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- Text No 54-60
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Many bowlers build an arsenal of bowling balls … keep them prepared for any shot they make.
(B) so as to
(C) in term of
A study from University of Missouri found that some high assertive individuals had rather … more prestigious brands.
(A) to buy
Obama … greenhouse gas emissions by 40 percent in the coming year to inspire other nations to help reduce man-made climate change.
(A) will cut
(B) would cut
(C) has cut
Although having excellent performance, some women avoid … so that they can take a good care of their kids.
(B) having promoted
(C) being promoted
(D) to promote
Lintang's flight from Amsterdam to London was delayed … the heavy fog.
(A) owing to
(B) instead of
(C) as result
Lintang's twelve year old daughter knows so many difficult … that she became the champion of vocabulary contest.
Lintang does not know … the lawn mower after they had finished using it.
(A) where they put
(B) where did they put
(C) where have they put
(D) where they did put
The Coca Cola Company, … in 1888, is still very successful worldwide.
(B) was established
(C) which established
The x-rays at the airport … the unprocessed film since the photos were foggy.
(A) must damage
(B) must have been damaged
(C) must have damaged
(D) must be damaged
Across the hospital … which belongs to mobile provider.
(A) communication tower stands
(B) where communication tower stands
(C) communication tower does stand
(D) stands communicator tower
On the top shelf of Lintang's cabinet … which he got from winning a golf tournament.
(A) sits a gold trophy
(B) a gold trophy does sit
(C) where a gold trophy sits
(D) a gold trophy sits
… to understand the materials, Lintang would have obtained better grade at the final examination.
(A) If the professor helps him
(B) Had the professor would help him
(C) Had the professor helped him
(D) If the professor helped him
Lintang's apartment is located on the seventh floor of a … building.
Because of the remarkable lyrics, sound and compositions, Pink Floyd's the Dark Side of the Moon has become one of the … albums in the world.
(A) best selling
(C) selling best
The whole village … in a riot over the territory dispute between two tribes.
(B) had been destroyed
(C) was destroyed
The … dedicated to soup recipes was written in 1882 by Emma Ewing.
(A) first cooking American pamphlet
(B) first American cooking pamphlet
(C) American first cooking pamphlet
(D) cooking first American pamphlet
It is not easy to visit remote area where … no public transportation covering it.
(A) there is
(B) it is there that
(C) that is
(D) it is
After seeing a firefighter saving his father, Lintang has pledged himself … a firefighter after graduation from High School.
(C) to become
Lintang … the car regularly; otherwise, his car would have functioned well.
(A) cannot have serviced
(B) should not have serviced
(C) must not have serviced
(D) should not serviced
… last week, Lintang would have finished building the tree house.
(A) If it would not rain
(B) If it had not rained
(C) If it wasn't raining
(D) If it didn't rain
Choose the word or phrase which best completes each blank space in the text!
Reading 1 for questions 21–25.
Luciano Pavarotti (12 October 1935 – 6 September 2007), (21) … , was one of the most famous singers of the past century, not only in the world of opera and classical music, but across all genres. He was born in Modena to the family of a baker. After (22) … the dream to become a professional football goalkeeper, Pavarotti spent seven years in vocal training and began his career as a tenor in 1961 in Italy. He sang in houses in the Netherlands, Vienna, London, Ankara, Budapest, and Barcelona.
He soon gained (23) … due to the power and strength of his voice. The young tenor earned valuable experience and significant recognition while touring on the invitation of soprano Joan Sutherland, making his 1965 U.S. debut in Miami, Florida on her recommendation. His position (24) … in the years between 1966 and 1972, during which Pavarotti first appeared at Milan's seminal La Scala, at other major European houses, and, in 1968, at NYC's Metropolitan Opera. He received great acclaim, particularly working well with Joan Sutherland.
(25) … the mid-70s, the tenor became known worldwide, famed for the brilliance and beauty of his tone, especially into the upper register. His "high C" became one of his trademarks. The late 70s and 80s saw Pavarotti making significant appearances in the world's opera houses and establishing himself as one of the great singers of the era.
(A) an Italian tenor
(B) is that an Italian tenor
(C) who an Italian tenor
(D) is an Italian tenor
Reading 2 for questions 26 – 30.
E-government is about making the full range of government activities - internal processes, the development of policy (26) … services to citizens - available electronically. (27) … the bursting of the over-inflated dot com bubble, electronic interactions have rapidly shown astonishing potential for transforming the internal activities of all kinds of organizations and dramatically (28) … the relationships between organizations and those (29) … use them-in particular, firms and their costumers. As a Dutch parliamentary committee put it, Information and Communication Technology (ICT) is not a supporting technology, but coincides with the primary process and touches government (30) … its core.
Choose the one word or phrase which would not be appropriate in standard written English!
|Lintang||received||added bonus||from his manager||due|
|to his||excellent||performance on his job.|
|As||reported by the aid agencies,||the category 5 storm||had wiped out|
|some crops and||fished boats||in Vanuatu.|
|Anthony carteau's||major breakthrough||was||winning|
|the Mountains classification||in||the Tour de France in the 2010||edition.|
|The increase of CO2||in||the atmosphere||thickens|
|the ‘greenhouse blanket’,||which||causes||rise||temperature.|
|Transplant operations in China||have long relied on||organs taken from||executed prisoners,|
|a practice that has led to such abuses as the timing of executions had to meet|
|demand organ||without notification to||relatives.|
|Alexander Litvinenko, a Russian spy||passed away||in London in 2006,||became|
|Online learning||works||well for the universities||as|
|they can educate more||students fee-paying||without||building||bigger lecture halls.|
|Archaeopteryx, one of the oldest||known||prehistoric||birds,|
|had||sharp teeth, three fingers for claws,||but||a long, bony tail.|
|Pandas live||in||coniferous forests, eat bamboo shoots and leaves||fast|
|and||spending||about 12 hours a day||eating.|
|Apple is the world's||largest||company by market||capitalized|
|and||the world's most||profitable||company.|
Reading 1 for question 41 – 46.
In 1937, Charles Bradley reported a positive effect of stimulant medication in children with various behavior disorders. Bradley was medical director of the Emma Pendleton Bradley Home, today called Bradley Hospital, in East Providence, Rhode Island, which was founded by his great-uncle George Bradley to treat neurologically impaired children. Apart from children with definite neurological disorders or residual effects of encephalitis, there where children hospitalized with "emotional problems" and major difficulties in learning and behavior. Some of these children would possibly be diagnosed with ADHD today.
Bradley's discovery of the improvement by stimulant of the behavior of children was based on a chance finding during his neurological examinations. Bradley performed pneumoencaphalograms in order to examine structural brain abnormalities. This usually caused severe headaches, which were supposed to be the result of a significant loss of spinal sluid. Bradley attempted to treat the headaches by stimulating the choroid plexus with benzedrine which was "the most potent stimulant available at the time". However, benzedrine had a negligible effect on the headaches, but caused a striking improvement in behavior and school performance in some of the children.
Bradley subsequently started a systematic trial in 30 children of his hospital and observed remarkable alterations in behavior. "The most spectacular change in behavior brought about by the use of benzedrine was the remarkably improved school performance of approximately half the children". The children "were more interested in their work and performed it more quickly and accurately". In addition, some decrease in motor activity was usually noted in the children who also "became emotionally subdued without, however, losing interest in their surroundings".
Bradley was surprised at this effect. "It appears paradoxical that a drug known to be a stimulant should produce subdued behavior in half of the children. It should be borne in mind, however, that portions of the higher levels of the ventral nervous system have inhibition as their function, and that stimulation of these portions might indeed produce the clinical picture of reduced activity through increased voluntary control". He later identified children who were most likely to benefit from benzedrine treatment as "characterized by short attention span, dyscalculia, mood lability, hyperactivity, impulsiveness, and poor memory". These features are nowadays associated with ADHD. Bradley's observations of stimulant effects in hyperactive children were revolutionary and are considered important discoveries in psychiatric treatment.
What is the main idea of the text?
(A) The stimulation for ADHD children
(B) The discovery of first hyperactivity treatment
(C) The treatment in Bradley Hospital
(D) The discovery of benzedrine
Children, who are diagnosed with ADHD today, were used to be characterized by having …
(A) neurological disorder
(B) emotional problems
(C) intellectual problems
(D) short attention span
The change of behavior brought about by the use of benzedrine was …
(A) increased intellectual ability
(B) improved school performance
(C) reduced emotional rapid fluctuation
(D) reduced headache effect
The word alterations in part-3 is closest in meaning to …
Which of the following is NOT the description that nowadays associated with ADHD?
The word this in Part-2 refers to …
(A) neurological examination
(B) structural brain abnormality
(C) dignificant loss of spinal fluid
Reading 2 for question 47-53.
Millennials are often maligned for their constant technology use and obsession with the social approval signaled by likes, shares, and retweets. But organizations need to start by some estimates, account for nearly 75% of the workforce by 2025. And, according to a recent Deloitte survey of 7,800 people fro 29 countries, only 28% of currently employed Millennials feel their companies are fully using their skills. How can smart leaders better leverage the talents of these future leaders?
First, social sharing. Neuroscientists have shown that any kind of positive personal interaction light up a part of the brain called the temporoparietal junction, which stimulates the online, are able to get that same high, more often, through technology, by posting, messaging, forwarding and favoriting multiple times a day. They crave that connection and are therefore natural learn players.
Second, constant, complex data flow. Research tells us that multitasking is impossible: people can only do two things at once if one of those things is routine. Also, those who regularly use multiple forms of media are more prone to distraction that those who do not. But, according to Neilson Neurofocus. EEG readings suggest that younger brains have higher multi-sensory processing capacity than older ones and are most stimulated - that it is more engaged with and more likely to pay attention to and remember - dynamic messages. Millennials probably aren't more affective multitaskers, in the strict sense of the world, but, in their current stage of brain development, they seem better able to tolerate and integrate multiple streams of information.
Angela Ahrendts, the former CEO of Burberry, recognized that she could turn those two hallmarks of Millennial behavior into an asset for the fashion brand. In 2006, she hired a large number of "digital natives" as she called them, to do what they do best: socialize through technology. As she explains, they created an expansive digital platform. Which transformed the company's image and dramatically accelerated its growth. One highlight was "Tweet Walk" which turned Burberry's traditional runway show into a live web broadcast.
While Baby Boomers might see phones, tablets, and other devices as distractions, MillenniaIs use them to collaborate and innovate in real time. While Gen-Xers may view aggressive social sharing as an unhealthy mix of the personal and professional, Millennials see it as a way to gather input and learn from others. Millennials understand, embrace and are evolving with our exponentially expanding digital world. Instead of judging their behavior, we need to better leverage it.
What is the main idea of the passage?
(A) The differences of generations in working environment
(B) The recognition of the Millennials behavior for organization benefits
(C) The unique characteristics of Millennials in fashion organization
(D) The benefit of Millennials multitasking skill for organization
The word maligned in part-1 is closest in meaning to …
Why do the leaders need to leverage the talents of Millennials?
(A) all Millennials are good in multitasking
(B) most Millennials are best in socializing through technology
(C) many millennials feel that their talents are unused by organization
(D) most of Millennials love to share their thoughts and emotion
Which of the following is NOT the characteristic of Millennials?
(A) they love interacting online
(B) they are easy to catch and remember messages
(C) they can handle multiple flows of information
(D) they are the best multitaskers
The word these in part-1 refers to …
(A) the smart leaders
(B) the Millennials
(C) the companies
(D) the consultants
The word hallmarks in part-4 is closest in meaning to …
(A) critical flaws
(B) significant achievements
(C) important characteristics
(D) valuable benefits
It can be inferred from the passage that the Millennials …
(A) are not good future leaders
(B) are better than Baby Boomer and Gen-X
(C) are only good working as digital strategist
(D) are often misjudged
Its squat body and flimsy-looking pectoral fins may not scream speed-demon. But the opah, or moonfish, is a actually quite fast, and can run with the big boys like tuna and swordfish. That’s just one of many surprising revelations coming to light as more of these mysterious fish appear unexpectedly in scientific surveys along the southern California coast. This unexplained surge is enabling researchers to study and photograph the camera-shy creatures.
While documenting a fishing survey, photographer Ralph caught the roughly 59-kilogram fish on camera off the southern California coast in November 2014. Researchers had accidentally caught the odd animal, and after it was released, Pace dove into the water to take some snapshots before it swam away. He had only a couple of minutes with the opah, but they were memorable. He recalled that it was big, probably bigger than a manhole cover. John Hyde, a fish-genetics researcher with NOAA Southwest Fisheries in La Jolla, California, mentioned that photos of them in the water free-swimming were pretty rare and Pace's images were better than the-rest he has seen.
Owyn Snodgrass, a fisheries biologist with NOAA Southwest Fisheries, mentioned that opah can be valuable commodities on the seafood market, however, there is no targeted fishery for them. That is partly because the deep-sea dwellers don't congregate in large groups like other commercially valuable fish such as tuna. So, focusing solely on opah won't make fisherman much money. Instead, moonfish are caught as by catch in commercial tuna and swordfish fisheries. Despite the relatively small size of the catch, they bring in a good chunk of change. The 2012 Hawaiian opah market was valued at around $3 million. They are very tasty fish. Opah are unusual in that different parts of their body look and taste different. The upper part of the fish looks like tuna and tastes like a cross between tuna and salmon, he says. But their pectoral muscles-the ones that power the fins on the side of the body-look and taste a bit like beef. Opah can be eaten raw, but they are also great on the barbecue or smoked.
Casson Trenor, who co-owns four San Francisco sushi restaurants, actually prefers a little sear on his opah. He does not offer the fish in his restaurants, though, since little is known about the sustainability of the fishery. The pectoral muscles aren't just good eating-they also give researchers clues about the animal's speed and way of life. Those muscles are about 17 percent of an opah's body weight, which is a relatively large percentage. Despite what they look like, they can swim really fast when they want to, and they can swim long distances.
The main idea of the first paragraph is …
(A) The sea photography
(B) The anatomy of opah
(C) The similarity between opah, tuna and swordfish
(D) The recent finding on opah
Why opah does not make much money for fisherman?
(A) Opah is difficult to catch
(B) Opah lives in the deep sea
(C) Opah has low prive on the market
(D) Opah is not as tasty as tuna
What makes opah a fast swimmer?
(A) Its large fins
(B) Its squat body
(C) Its pectoral muscles
(D) Its upper body parts
Which of the following is NOT the description of opah?
(A) Opah is fast
(B) Opah is thin
(C) Opah is pricey
(D) Opah is tasty
The word congregate in part-3 is closest in meaning to …