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- Latihan Soal
You have just gotten a pit bull puppy from an animal shelter. He’s lovable but nervous. If you raise your voice for any reason, he cowers and trembles. If you scold him, he hides. When you got him from the shelter, he had a deep scratch across his nose.
What can you imply from the above text?
(A) someone purchased the puppy for me
(B) the puppy is obedient
(C) the puppy may have been abused previously
(D) something or someone scratched his nose
Although locke has been hailed as a giant figure in European intellectual history, his ideas were largely borrowed from his predecessors, who are now unfairly neglected by historians. Furthermore, Locke never wrote works are muddy in style, awkwardly constructed, and often self-contradictory.
What can be inferred about the passage?
(A) current historians are re-evaluating the work of Locke in the light of present-day knowledge
(B) historians should re-examine Locke’s place in European intellectual history
(C) although Locke’s ideas were important, his way of expressing them in writing was sadly inadequate
(D) locke’s contributions to the development of European thought have been greatly exaggerated
L.L Zamenhof would later say that he had dreamed of a world language since he was a child. At first he considered a revival of Latin, but after learning it in school he decided it was too complicated to be a common means of international communication. When he learned English, he realized that verb conjugations were unnecessary, and that grammatical systems could be much simpler than he had expected. He still had the problem of memorizing a large vocabulary, until he noticed two Russian signs labeled Швейцарская–from швейцар, which means porter’s house and porter, respectively-and Кондитерская–from кондитер, which means a confectioner’s shop and confectioner, respectively. He then realized that a judicious use of affixes could greatly decrease the number of root words needed for communication. He chose to take his vocabulary from Romance and Germanic, the languages that were most widely taught in schools around the world and would therefore be recognizable to the largest number of people.
It can be inferred from the passage that ....
(A) L.L Zamenhof thought that Latin was too complicated to use globally
(B) Latin language was not quite used by people anymore
(C) English was a global language
(D) Russian language had larger root words
The business of tennis clothes has grown astoundingly in the past few years. Over $250 million is spent annually on the trappings of tennis. Apparently everyone wants to look like a pro, even though 20% of the clientele has never even played the game.
Manufactures pay the star lucrative fees for wearing the brands of clothes and wielding their racquets on center court. Chris Evert-Lloyd, for example, was rumored to have signed a five-year contract for $5 million with Ellesse, a producer of fancy, expensive tennis wear.
John McEnroe received a reported $600.000 for playing with a Dunlop racquet, $330.000 for sporting Tacchini clothes, and $100.000 for tying his Nike tennis shoes. Obviously, in a bad year, these stars would have made more as fashion models than as athletes.
Not only tennis players get free clothing. but also all the people involved in the game-the referees, lines people, ball boys and girls-are living advertisements for tennis wear producers. Where, traditionally, conservative white clothing was required for the entire tennis coterie, changing times have seen a new vogue in tennis outfits. Flamboyant colors, designer’s nameplates, geometric figures, and bold lines distinguish the new tennis togs from their predecessors.
It can be inferred from the passage that ....
(A) tennis clothing appeals to the wealthy
(B) tennis stars get huge sums for endorsements
(C) the price of tennis racquets has remained stable
(D) bright colors entice people to buy tennis wear
Birds soon might not be the only ones tweeting in our national parks. Before long. Wi-Fi service may be available in some parks for the first time. Having Wi-Fi would enable park visitors to use their smartphones to connect to the Internet or to text or call their friends.
Cell service is extremely limited in many parks, according to the National Park Service. Someone who takes a selfie in a park often has to leave the park before sharing it with friends on sites like Twitter or Instagram. People in favor of adding Wi-Fi say it will help attract younger people to the parks.
But some people are concerned that having Wi-Fi will distract visitors from the natural beauty of the parks. David Smith is the superintendent of Joshua Tree National Park in California. He thinks national parks should add Wi-Fi only to some areas. like the visitor centers. He wants visitors to be able to enjoy the scenery without hearing cell phones ringing. "One of the neatest things about visiting a park is the chance to get away from a lot of the distractions that interfere in our normal lives." he says.
What is implied in the text above?
(A) youngsters are more dependent on Wi-Fi
(B) Wi-Fi may distract visitors from the beauty of the parks
(C) mobile phone coverage is usually limited in national parks
(D) David Smith thinks that national parks should add Wi-Fi in limited areas
Along with the increasingly extensive use of computers in financial activities, ultraviolet light has been widely applied by banks to identity the signatures of their customers in passbooks. When a customer opens a new account with a bank, the bank teller always asks him to sign on a card to create an imprint: this can be used to compare with the signature on the customer’s withdrawal slip under ultraviolet light.
What can be inferred from the text above?
(A) the banks use ultraviolet light to identity the signatures of customers
(B) the ultraviolet light use may involve computers
(C) a customer can open a new account with a bank
(D) ultraviolet light is widely used in banks
As early as 1836, the German physiologist and anatomist Friedrich Tiedemann, in an article in the Philosophical Transactions, expressed his opinion that “there is undoubtedly a connection between the absolute size of the brain and the intellectual powers and functions of the mind”. With the advent of brain imaging methods (e.g. MRI. PET), reliable assessments of in-vivo brain volume and investigations of its association with IQ are now possible.
[excerpt from: http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2015/10/151014121103.html]
What is implied in the text above?
(A) there is a connection between the size of the brain and the intellectual powers and functions of the mind
(B) before brain imaging technology, research about relationship of brain volume and IQ was not reliable
(C) MRI and PET are some brain imaging methods
(D) Friedrich Tiedemann likes to give opinion
Movie Review: Nightcrawier
As Lou Bloom. a freelance TV news cameraman with a nose for graphic tragedy. Jake Gyllenhaal creeped me out big-time. I mean that as high praise. Gyllenhaal. in a poisonously potent performance, acts with morbid excitement. Bloom will crawl into any LA rat hole or car wreck to produce video or dig out a photo he can sell to a TV news director, just to momentarily sate the public's appetite for gory digital sensation.
If I'm making Nightcrawler sound like a sharp attack against a society that gets the exploitative news it deserves. maybe that's because it often is. Luckily, the film's writer and first-time director. Dan Gilroy. Is hunting bigger game than cloning Network. Bloom is more akin to the sociopaths in Taxi Driver and Peeping Tom. He fancies himself an artist, arranging the wounded and the dead to best catch the light and hold the frame he composes with such care and little regard for pesky morality or professional ethics. When you can’t find an accident or a murder, why not create it yourself?
Nightcrawler curves and hisses its way into your head with demonic skill. When the laughs come, they stick in your throut. This is deliciously twisted piece of work. And Gyllenhaal, coiled and ready to spring, is scarily briliant. He truly is a monster of our time.
It is implied in the text that ....
(A) Nightcrawler is a twisted movie and the writer enjoys it
(B) Jake Gyllenhaal gives a great performance as Lou Bloom
(C) The movie Nightcrawler is probably a criticism toward our society
(D) The movie Nightcrawler is similar to Network
There are two types of monochromatic or black-and-white photos. One type is a grayscale photograph. which is truly black and white. In a gray-scale photo, all you see is black, white, and shades of gray. Grayscale photos tend to have a stark, cold look to them.
The other type is sepia. Sepia photographs use shades of brown in place of shades of gray. Photographers started using the sepia process to give their photos warmer tones.
Some people think that sepia photos are just grayscale photos that have aged and changed color over the years. but it is not true. The difference is that sepia photos use silver sulphide in the developing process in place of silver iodide. It can last 150 years with proper storage.
What is most likely implied in the text above?
(A) there is only one type of photos: monochromatic
(B) grayscale photos are warmer-toned than sepia photos
(C) only photographers know about the differences between grayscale and sepia photos
(D) grayscale photo use silver iodide
In the movies. England's King Richard the First-he of the lion heart and Robin Hood fame-is a hero of spotless reputation. In Hollywood's many versions of the Robin Hood story, for example, Robin worships good King Richard and would willingly die for him. History, however, offers a different slant on Richard's supposed goodness. In 1189, the Pope called for yet another crusade to take back the holy land of Jerusalem from Moslem rule. Intent on following the Pope's order, Richard combined forces with King Philip the II of France. Together, they managed to take the town of Acre, a port on what is now Israel's Northwestern coast. Attempting to blackmail the Moslem ruler Saladin into giving up sacred lands. Richard took 2,500 civilians hostage, many of them women and children. When Saladin refused, Richard promptly slaughtered every last one of his hostages.