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- Latihan Soal
My children have outgrown books in which polar bears and penguins inhabit the same page. But there is an alarming number of them out there and this is one biogeographical crime I cannot forgive.
Polar bears live in the Arctic, near the North Pole. Penguins live in Antarctica and the neigh bouring continents, near the South Pole. They are literally poles apart, so don't unite them in fiction just because they look cute together.
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Underneath the small town of Derinkuyu, 750 km southeast of Istanbul in Cappadocia’s Nevsehir province, lies the largest system of caverns ever built by hand-Derinkuyu-Turkey’s underground city, which shares a name with its more conventional, above-ground counterpart.
This ancient Anatolian wonder has all the trappings of a well-developed municipal centre, with schools, stables and churches-but rather than rising from the ground, Derinkuyu’s meeting places are carved from soft volcanic rock 60m to 85m beneath the surface.
Built between the 7th and 8th Century BC, the underground complex was built to defend against attacks from marauding armies. Though it was intended as a temporary shelter, its amenities were impressive: some 600 above-ground doors from which someone can enter the underground city from, 15,000 ventilation ducts to provide fresh air, as well as multiple wineries, cellars and a complex network of passages, tunnels, and corridors.
“It was large enough to shelter around 20,000 people with their livestock and food stores,” Quora user Trishla Prasad wrote.
Considering its age, the underground city is in excellent condition and is accessible today via numerous tours. Travellers should be advised, however, that exploring the complex involves a lot of stairs.
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In 2014, Eline Lorenzen of the University of California, Berkeley and her colleagues looked for genetic differences between brown bears and polar bears. Some of the most striking were to do with fat metabolism. The levels of cholesterol in the polar bear's blood are "extreme".
"For polar bears, profound obesity is a harmless state," Lorenzen said in a statement.
"It remains an enigma how polar bears are able to deal with such lifelong elevated levels of cholesterol," the authors wrote. The answer may have something to do with some genetic fine-tuning of the polar bear's cardiovascular function.
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The history of philosophy is intertwined with the history of the natural sciences. Long before the 19th century, when the term “science” began to be used with its modern meaning, those who are now counted among the major figures in the history of Western philosophy were of ten equally famous for their contributions to “natural philosophy”, the bundle of inquiries now designated as sciences. Aristotle was the first great biologist, Rene Descartes formulated analytics geometry (“Cartesian geometry”) and discovered laws of the reflection and refraction of light, Gottfried Leibniz laid claim to priority in the invention of calculus, and Immanuel Kant offered the basis of a still-current hypothesis regarding the formation of the solar system (the Kant-Laplace nebular hypothesis).
[source: Grayling, A. (2008). The Encyclopædia Britannica guide to the ideas that made the modern world the ideas that made the modern world. London: Robinson.]
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The study, which was just published in the journal Environmental Toxicology & Chemistry, shows that although these drugs are found only in relatively limited quantities in the river water, their concentration did not decline with distance downstream from the wastewater treatment plant discharge. Moreover, many of the drugs were not removed completely during drinking water treatment.
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Smoking is not only bad for your health, it also puts 400,000 children in poverty. Smoking places a financial burden on low income families, suggesting that parents are likely to forgo basic household and food necessities in order to fund their addiction, according to UK research published in the open access journal BMC Public Health.
This is the first UK study to highlight the extent to which smoking worsens child poverty. The findings are based on national surveys which estimate the number of children living in poverty by household structure. In 1999, the UK government announced a target to abolish child poverty by 2020, though this target is unlikely to be met. It is therefore crucial to identify avoidable factors that contribute to and worsen child poverty.
"Smoking reduces the income available for families to feed, clothe and otherwise care for their children living in low-income households. This study demonstrates that if our government, and our health services, prioritized treating smoking dependence, it could have a major effect on child poverty as well as health," says lead author, Dr Tessa Langley from the UK Centre for Tobacco and Alcohol Studies at the University of Nottingham.
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Day of the Dead is a Mexican holiday celebrated throughout Mexico, in particular the Central and South regions, and acknowledged around the world in other cultures. The holiday focuses on gatherings of family and friends to pray for and remember friends and family members who have died, and help support their spiritual journey. In 2008 the tradition was inscribed in the Representative List of the Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity by UNESCO.
It is particularly celebrated in Mexico where the day is a public holiday. Prior to Spanish colonization in the 16th century, the celebration took place at the beginning of summer. It was moved to October 31st, November 1st, and November 2nd to occur simultaneously with the Roman Catholic triduum festival Allhallowtide (All Saints’ Eve, All Saints’ Day, and All Souls’ Day). Traditions connected with the holiday include building private altars called ofrendas, honoring the deceased using sugar skulls, marigolds, and the favourite foods and beverages of the departed, and visiting graves with these as gifts. Visitors also leave possessions of the deceased at the graves.
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