- Latihan Soal
Now you are watching :
If people have to pay cash to buy an expensive condominium, nobody can afford … it.
(C) to buy
(D) for buying
Dewi … a speech at this time tomorrow.
(B) will be given
(C) is giving
(D) will be giving
Cahyo met many beautiful girls at the dinner party last night, the most beautiful … was Dina.
(A) of that
(B) of which
(C) of them
(D) of whom
Nias, …. covering an area of 5,121.3 km2, is the largest of the islands off Sumatra.
(A) an island
(B) that an island
(C) is an island
(D) is that an island
They … vitamin water while jogging around the station.
(B) had drunk
(D) have drunk
They criticize … buying such an expensive car in this monetary crisis.
The man received … tie as a gift from his wife.
(A) a blue silk elegant
(B) a blue elegant silk
(C) an elegant blue silk
(D) an elegant silk blue
There are many good people in the world … you can trust to help you.
(D) of which
… the tardy response, I was not allowed to enter the institution.
(B) In spite of
(D) Because of
Several people have been arrested by the local police for … smuggling 3 tons of fuel.
Illegal residents in the US experience problems when … scholarships.
(A) be awarded
(C) are awarded
(D) they awarded
They had better … to the airport by five or else they may miss the flight.
(A) to get
The emerging fashion designer … her career in the world of fashion by setting up her line this year.
(B) has built
(C) is built
(D) is building
The loud music from his neighbor’s house distracts him … completing his thesis.
Next to the hospital … which is confiscated by the state court.
(A) dark house
(B) a dark house is
(C) is a dark house
(D) it is a dark house
Rachel ... the course for three months by next week.
(A) will take
(B) will have taken
(C) would take
(D) is going to take
Rachel ... the course for three months by next week.
(A) will take
(B) will have taken
(C) would take
(D) is going to take
If you drop the egg from the third floor, it ... to pieces.
(B) will shatter
(D) would shatter
My colleagues were going to watch ..., but the review said that it was a flop.
(A) the frightened movie
(B) the movie frightened
(C) the movie frightening
(D) the frightening movie
The quality of water varies not only with local land use but also ...
(A) with the geologic history of the earth
(B) varies with the geologic history of the earth
(C) its geologic history of the earth
(D) it varies with the geologic history of the earth
Dwi … many backhoes before he received his special mechanic license.
(B) had repaired
(D) has repaired
My brother … a video last night when his best friend called.
(B) was watching
(D) had watched
… by many scientists and researchers throughout the world, robotics is employed in automobile manufacturing.
(B) It supported
(D) Have been supported
Yesterday Amir screamed and ran as if he … a ghost.
(B) had seen
(C) has seen
(D) was seeing
The biology books that I have already bought have so many … as its explanations.
… the announcement, he would have participated in the Balinese painting workshop.
(A) If he knew
(B) He had known
(C) Had he known
(D) If he has known
In the film world, professionals are accustomed to … a negative into a computer at the highest resolutions possible.
(B) be scanning
(D) be scanned
Eline never uses a dictionary when the German programs begin, and …
(A) Latifa does either
(B) neither does Latifa
(C) either does Latifa
(D) Latifa does not neither
While the exact date of crop circles began to appear is unknown, the documented cases … since 1970's.
(B) have increased
(D) were increasing
The cellular phone which she bought is … one in the promo.
(B) the cheapest
(D) the cheaper
CHOOSE THE WRONG WORD/PHRASE!
|Recently,||the main element of competition,||both on||national and international levels|
|are representing||by||human resources.|
|The participants||proposed||some||suggestions||in the meeting,||then||the chairman||did|
|The three major||employers||of career in||physics||are academic||institutions,|
|government laboratories, and private||industries.|
|Tigor likes to||talk||to his dogs,||takes||them||for a||walk twice a day, and||feeding|
|them expensive dog food.|
|The materials we||got||from this English course||is||different||with||the materials we||learned|
|Although she has strong desire to||be a singer,||Rani’s voice sounds||horribly||to everyone|
|The||hiring||manager is interviewing||to||the||job applicants||to know||their||skills||and experience.|
Reading 1 for questions 41 - 46
Many historical linguists are able to trace modern complex languages back to earlier languages, but in order to answer the question of how complex languages are actually formed, the researcher needs to observe how languages are started from scratch. To find out how grammar is created, someone needs to be present at the time of a language’s creation, documenting its emergence. However, this is possible.
Some of the most recent languages evolved due to the Atlantic slave trade. At that time, slaves from a number of different ethnicities were forced to work together under colonizer’s rule. Since they had no opportunity to learn each other’s languages, they developed a make-shift language called a pidgin. Pidgins are strings of words copied from the language of the landowner. They have little in the way of grammar, and in many cases it is difficult for a listener to deduce when an event happened, and who did what to whom. Speakers need to use circumlocution in order to make their meaning understood. Interestingly, however, all it takes for a pidgin to become a complex language is for a group of children to be exposed to it when they learn their mother tongue. Slave children did not simply copy the strings of words uttered by their elders, they adapted their words to create a new, expressive language. Complex grammar systems which emerge from pidgins are termed creoles, and they are invented by children.
Some linguists believe that many most established languages were creoles at first. The English past tense -ed ending may have evolved from the verb ‘do’. ‘It ended’ may once have been ’lt end-did’. Thus, it would appear that even the most widespread languages were partly created by children. Children appear to have innate grammatical mechanism in their brains, which emerges when they are first trying to make sense of the world near them. Their minds can serve to create logical, complex structures, even when there is no grammar present for them to copy.
(Adapted from Various sources - PTT BPPK)
In order to study the grammar creation of a language, the linguists have to ...
(A) interview the language maker
(B) document the complex form of the language
(C) record the creation of the language
(D) study the language from the native speaker
How do the slave children improve a pidgin in order to become a complex language?
(A) they imitate the pidgin then develop a completely new language
(B) they adapt the words to create an expressive and new language
(C) they study the existing grammar of the pidgin then correct it
(D) they communicate with their parents intensively to improve the pidgin
Paragraph 2 in the passage discusses about ...
(A) a more simple language used by Atlantic slave
(B) history of slave children in learning language
(C) explanation of complex language formation
(D) differences between pidgin and creole
It is stated in the passage that creole is ....
(A) a native language created by Atlantic slaves
(B) a series of words copied from the language of the landowner
(C) a complex grammar system that come from pidgins
(D) a language to communicate among slaves of different ethnicities
Reading 2 for questions 47 - 53
Pneumonia is an infection of the lungs that is caused by bacteria, viruses, fungi, or parasites. It is characterized primarily by inflammation of the alveoli in the lungs or by alveoli that are filled with fluid (alveoli are microscopic sacs in the lungs that absorb oxygen). At times a very serious condition, pneumonia can make a person very sick or even cause death. Although the disease can occur in young and healthy people, it is most dangerous for older adults, babies, and people with other diseases or impaired immune systems.
In the United States, more than 3 million people develop pneumonia each year, and about 17% of these receive treatment in a hospital. Most people with pneumonia recover, but about 5% will succumb to the condition.
Pneumonia treatments depend on the type of pneumonia and the severity of symptoms. Bacterial pneumonias are usually treated with antibiotics, whereas viral pneumonias are treated with rest and plenty of fluids. Fungal pneumonias are usually treated with antifungal medications. Over–the–counter medications are also commonly prescribed to better manage pneumonia symptoms. These include treatments for reducing fever, reducing aches and pains, and suppressing coughs. In addition, it is important to get plenty of rest and sleep and drink lots of fluids.
There are several ways to prevent pneumonia. There are two vaccines that are available to prevent pneumococcal disease (the bacterial infection that is the most common cause of pneumonia): pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (Prevnar) and pneumococcal polysacchande vaccine (Pneumovax). Prevnar is generally administered as part of the normal infant immunization procedure and is recommended for children less than 2 years of age or between two and four years with certain medical conditions. Pneumovax is provided for adults who are at increased risk of developing pneumococcal pneumonia, such as the elderly, diabetics, those with chronic heart, lung, or kidney disease, alcoholics, smokers, and those witout a spleen. The pneumonia vaccine may not completely prevent older adults from getting pneumonia, but it can reduce the seventy of a future pneumonia.
(Adapted from various sources - PTT BPPK)
What is NOT mentioned in the passage as the people who are at increased risk of developing pneumonia?
(A) those without a spleen
(B) those with chronic heart
(C) those without a kidney
(D) those with diabetes disease
Where in the paragraph which tells us about the explanation of pneumococcal disease?
(A) line 4–6
(B) line 12–14
(C) line 16–18
(D) line 19–21
What does the pronoun these in line 13 refer to?
(A) pneumonia symptoms
(B) antifungal medications
(C) fungal pneumonias
(D) over-the-counter medications
According to the passage above, how many people in the United States receive treatment for their pneumonia disease?
(A) 150 thousand
(B) 500 thousand
(C) 2,5 million
(D) 3 million
What is the main idea of the passage above?
(A) the vaccines of pneumonia
(B) the symptoms of pneumonia
(C) the description of pneumonia
(D) the characteristics of pneumonia
What would the paragraph following this passage likely discuss?
(A) how the vaccines work in preventing the pneumococcal disease
(B) how the severity of a future pneumonia affects older adults
(C) how the pneumonia vaccines will be developed in the future
(D) how the people with certain medical conditions react toward pneumonia
The word "succumb" in line 8 can best be replaced by ...
Reading 3 for questions 54 - 60
To many, it may seem that the lobster’s most natural habitat is on a large, oval plate between a cup of drawn butter and a lemon wedge. In fact, only a few of the hundreds of types of lobsters are caught commercially. But those few species are some of the most heavily harvested creatures in the sea, and generate a multi-billion-dollar industry, with more than 200,000 tons (181,436 metric tons) of annual global catch.
The lobsters that most people know from their dinner plates are the American and European clawed lobsters Homarus americanus and Homarus gammarus. These are cold water species that live on either sides of the northern Atlantic Ocean. There are also tropical lobsters that are widely consumed, but these are generally clawless varieties called spiny and slipper lobsters.
Lobsters are ten-legged crustaceans closely related to shrimp and crabs. These benthic, or bottom-dwelling, creatures are found in all of the world’s oceans, as well as brackish environments and even freshwater. They have poor eyesigt but highly developed senses of taste and smell. They feed primarily on fish and mollusks, but will consume algae and other plant life and even other lobsters.
Female lobsters carry their eggs under their abdomens for up to a year before releasing them as larvae into the water. The larvae go through several stages in the water column before settling on the bottom, where they spend the rest of their lives. They generally prefer to live in self-dug burrows, in rocky crevices, or hidden among sea grasses. Lobsters must shed their shells in order to grow, and some species can live to be 50 years old or more, growing continually throughout their lives.
Lobsters have not always been considered chic eats. In 17TH and 18TH century America, they were so abundant in the northeast that they were often used as fertilizer. Laws were even passed forbidding people to feed servants lobster more than twice a week. However, improvements in the US transportation infrastructure in the 19th and 20th century brought fresh lobster to distant urban areas, and its reputation as a delicacy grew.
Populations of commercially important lobster species are thought to be declining, and overfishing, particularly of clawed lobsters in Europe, is taking a toll. Additionally, pollution is causing shell rot and other illnesses in normally disease-resistant species.
(Adapted from various sources — PTT BPPK)
What happened to lobsters in America during l7TH and 18TH century?
(A) they were considered chic eats
(B) they were forbidden to be used as fertilizer
(C) they were plentiful in the northeast
(D) they were used to feed servants more than a couple times a week
What is the writer’s purpose in writing the passage?
(A) to describe the luxury of lobsters
(B) to introduce the nature of lobsters
(C) to present opinion about lobsters
(D) to compare the similarities among lobsters
What is NOT mentioned in the passage about lobsters?
(A) they reproduce by laying eggs
(B) their primary sources of diet are fish
(C) they can see better than smell
(D) their habitat is in the bottom of the sea
What happened to the lobster larvae after they are released into the water?
(A) they shed their shells
(B) they settle on the ocean floor
(C) they live in self-dug burrows
(D) they stay in the water column
What can be inferred about American and European clawed lobsters?
(A) they were widely consumed
(B) they were considered a fancy meal
(C) they were harvested commercially
(D) they were the family of shrimp and crabs