- Latihan Soal
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We had better ... the manual to get more explanation about this product.
(C) to read
(D) to reading
The factory management received many letters from the ... customers complimenting them on their new product.
Mariah Carey, accompanied by other judges, ... deliberating to decide the winner of American Idol now.
In 2050, airplanes may experience more frequent turbulence over the North Atlantic Ocean, ... , as a result of global warming.
(A) since it is the world's busiest corridors
(B) which the world’s busiest flight corridors
(C) one of the world’s busiest flight corridors
(D) it is the world’s busiest flight corridors
The building seems ... since the owner left it a few years ago.
The man donated a large amount of money as though he ... a millionaire.
(B) had been
(D) has been
The latest satellite ... the image of the outer planets is administered by NASA.
(A) that relayed
(B) which relaying
Although he wrote her for several times, he has never met his daughter, ...?
(A) did he
(B) is he
(C) does he
(D) has he
After ... the assignment, she continues helping her mother cooking for dinner.
The professor got the students ... note the materials that she taught.
(A) to take
Even though the next generation phone is thin, the program is ... the last one.
(A) as twice complicated as
(B) twice more complicated than
(C) twice as complicated as
(D) more complicated than twice
...its remote location, the western outpost of Bethel, Alaska has its share of big-city problems.
The committee suspected him ... bribery after some amount of money had been found in his account.
Before we checked out of the hotel, the sales manager told us that the bill ....
(A) have already been paid
(B) has already been paid
(C) was already paid
(D) had already been paid
... there is a form of life in other planets or not is still debatable.
Since the burglar managed to break into her house, Martha wishes that she ... the alarm system earlier.
(A) must have installed
(B) had installed
(C) should install
(D) was installing
The student ... from the school if he were proven to use narcotics.
(A) would be expelled
(B) was expelled
(C) were expelled
(D) had been expelled
John asked, “Billy, where did you go last night?”. John asked Billy ....
(A) where he had gone last night
(B) where he went the night before
(C) where he went last night
(D) where he had gone the night before
One of my sisters lives in Jakarta and ... lives in Canberra continuing her study.
(A) the other
(D) the others
No sooner ... with my computer, then the electricity went out.
(A) I had worked
(B) I worked
(C) had I worked
(D) did I work
The mechanic is examining the machine of the yacht so that it ... smoothly on its first voyage.
(A) could sail
(C) has sailed
(D) will sail
Crocodile has ... a strong Jaw that it can crush and rip its prey easily.
The hotel manager insisted that the car park ... locked at night.
The movie The King’s Speech is awarded Oscar for its screenplay as well as ...
(A) awarded for Its cast member
(B) for its cast member
(C) cast member
(D) it is for cast member
... a pleasant news about her father’s arrival in Indonesia, Rose rushed to the airport to pick him up.
(B) As she has
(C) Having been
The man decided to resign from his job ... his proposal of increasing the salary was rejected.
(D) because of
When we lived in the suburban area, Mike ... the subway to go to his office every day.
(A) would take
(B) might take
(C) could take
(D) will take
The government considered ... a new bridge to link between the two islands.
(B) to construct
If the team ... a better striker, they would have won the game.
(C) had had
(D) has had
The graphic shows that the sales in March is slightly ... than sales in February.
(D) the lower
|The report||cites||that the number of employees||in||the private sector||have|
|doubled between 2007||and||2010.|
|People||who||achieve||success do||many||different things before, like studying, working, and|
|to attend||classes in universities.|
|A number of visitors of the||zoo||are warned||not||feeding||the animals||for
||several health reasons|
|Various||traditional||cultures||are performed||random||to amuse the spectators||attending|
|His mother||explicitly||told||he||not to go out to||the river by||himself,||but he||did not listen.|
|The earlier the young players||get||the chance||to play||in international events,||the best|
|they will be||in||the future.|
An audacious visionary who developed new film technologies midstream in order to turn his creative visions into film reality, director James Cameron was credited with single-handedly resurrecting a once-dead science fiction genre. But because of his legendary temper and determination on set, Cameron also became known as one of the most difficult directors to work for, genius be damned. While it was true that he drove himself and his crews to the brink of exhaustion, no one could dispute his passion for blending film and technology, while effortlessly creating well-crafted stories. Despite his penchant for aliens and space, it was “Titanic” (1997) that cemented Cameron as a director for the ages. In fact, “Titanic’ was a seminal event in cinema in terms of size, scope and commercial success. The film made Cameron a legend, despite the production nearly destroying him. In the end, however, Cameron laid claim to being one of the most proficient, admired and, above all, successful directors in Hollywood.
Cameron was born on Aug. 16, 1954 in Kapuskasing, Ontario, Canada. As a youngster, he was interested in astronomy and science fiction, even penning his own short stories. He developed an obsession for building rockets and airplanes from junk piles, skills that later translated into building models on set. A voracious reader, Cameron consumed books as a child, making him verbally and mentally precocious enough to skip a grade in school. But his most significant moment came when he saw Stanley Kubrick’s 2001: A Space Odyssey (1968). After high school, he enrolled at California State University-Fullerton, where he studied physics for a year, before dropping out and working. Despite his slip into a mundane life, Cameron remained obsessed with movies.
It was following a viewing of George Lucas’ ‘Star Wars’ (1977) that Cameron decided he should be making his own epics. He left his job to move to Los Angeles and start working in the nightmare Cameron had of a robot assassin from the future, which lead him to write his first screenplay, “The Terminator” (1984). He made friends with Carman’s head of marketing, Gale Anne Hurd, whom Cameron later married and convinced to buy the script for a buck–but on the condition that he directs the film. With a budget of around $6.5 million and boasting sleek compositions, expertly edited action sequences, and a career- making performance by heretofore bodybuilder Arnold Schwarzenegger, “The Terminator” was not just a critical and commercial triumph, but a seminal event in cinema that marked the dawn of a new era of action movies. His approach to the almost-mythical material was witty without being campy, while he never undermined the imagery and situations by trumpeting their allusions.
(Adapted from various sources — PH BPPK)
What is the main idea of the passage?
(A) The visions of James Cameron
(B) The movies of James Cameron
(C) The career of James Cameron
(D) The art of James Cameron
The author mentions all of the following as jobs performed by James Cameron, EXCEPT ....
(B) set modeler
Why is James Cameron a significant figure in the history of cinema?
(A) because of his enthusiasm to blend film hard technology
(B) because of his temper and determination
(C) because of his talent to choose his leading actors
(D) because of his approach to the almost-mythical material
Where did James Cameron go when he abandoned his job?
(B) Los Angeles
The word voracious in line 14 is closest in meaning to which of the following?
It can be inferred from the passage that James Cameron’s attitude toward his crews is ....
The word it in line 21 refers to ....
(A) positive result
(B) a nightmare
(C) the production
(D) a robot assassin
Dadaism or Dada is a post-World War I cultural movement in visual art as well as literature (mainly poetry), theatre, and graphic design. The movement was, among other things, a protest against the barbarism of the war and what Dadaists believed was an oppressive intellectual rigidity in both art and everyday society. Its works were characterized by a deliberate irrationality and the rejection of the prevailing standards of art. It influenced later movements including Surrealism.
Dada probably began in the Cabaret Voltaire in Zurich in 1916 (by some accounts on October 6), and there were active dadaists in New York such as Marcel Duchamp and the Liberian art student, Beatrice Wood, who had left France at the onset of World War I. At around the same time there had been a dadaist movement in Berlin, Hanover, Cologne, and Paris. In 1920 Max Ernst, Hans Arp, and social activist Alfred Grunwald set up the Cologne Dada group. The French avant-garde kept abreast of Dada activities in Zurich due to the regular communications from Tristan Tzara, who exchanged letters, poems, and magazines with French writers, critics, and artists. But while broad reaching, the movement was also unstable: artists went on to other ideas and movements, including Surrealism, Socialist Realism and other forms of modernism.
By the dawn of World War II, many of the European Dadaist’s who remained had fled or been forced into exile in the United States, some died in death camps under Hitler, who personally disliked the kind of radical art that dada represented. The movement became less active as post-World War II optimism led to new movements in art and literature. The Cabaret Voltaire fell into disrepair until it was occupied by a group claiming to be neo-dadaists in June-August of 2002. After their eviction the Cabaret Voltaire became a museum dedicated to the history of Dada and the Dada movement.
(Adapted from various sources - PTT BPPK)
What is the main idea of the passage?
(A) the history of Dadaism as the form of art
(B) the account of unstable movement of Dadaism
(C) the radical art of Dadaism as a protest against war
(D) the correspondence of Dadaism artists
What is NOT mentioned in the passage as kinds of art movement besides Dadaism?
Which of the following words could best substitute the word prevailing in paragraph 1?
What was the cause behind the decline of Dadaist movement during the dawn of World War II in Europe?
(A) the artists were fled into modernism
(B) some of the artists disliked the radical art
(C) the artists were pushed into exile by Hitler
(D) some of the artists moved into optimism
What was the reason behind the Dadaism?
(A) The influence of Surrealism
(B) The barbarism of World War I
(C) The irrationality of the Dadaists
(D) The radicalism of the movements
The author of the passage implies that the most important feature for Dadaist art was ....
(A) The intellectual rigidity of art
(B) The art as a custom
(C) The absurdity of art objects
(D) The reality of art objects
The pronoun “who” in paragraph 2 refers to ...
(A) Marcel Duchamp
(C) Max Ernst
(D) Beatrice Wood
Hydrogen, one of earth’s most abundant elements, once was seen as green energy’s answer to the petroleum driven, easy to produce, available everywhere, and nonpolluting when burned. Hydrogen energy was defeated by a mountain of obstacles: the fear of explosion by the highly flammable gas, the difficulty of carrying the fuel in large, heavy tanks in the vehicle, and the lack of a refueling network. Automakers turned to biofuels, electricity or the gas-electric hybrid. But hydrogen, it turns out, never was completely out of the race. Now Israeli scientists and entrepreneurs claim to have brought hydrogen energy a step closer by putting it in much smaller, lighter containers. Rather than using metal or composite cylinders of compressed gas that look like bulky scuba gear, hydrogen is packed into glass filaments which, once out of the lab, will be only slightly thicker than a human hair. These 370 glass capillaries are bundled into a glass tube called a capillary array, about the width of a drinking straw. The scientists say 11,000 such arrays will fuel a car for 400 kilometers, take less than half the space and weight of tanks currently installed in the few hydrogen cars now available.
The scientists make no attempt to improve the standard fuel cell, which is not much different today from when it was invented more than 150 years ago. A fuel cell makes electricity from chemical reactions involving hydrogen and oxygen, producing only water vapor as a byproduct The fuel cell can be compared with a standard car’s engine, while the capillary arrays would be comparable to the gasoline tank.
While its backers call the technology a breakthrough, it is unlikely to gain traction without a large Injection of capital to scale up development. It also would need a distribution system and the support of major car companies, which have poured billions of dollars into their own closely guarded research programs. Like electric cars, the driving force behind hydrogen research is the need to break away from oil and rein in emissions of greenhouse gases blamed for climate change, especially carbon dioxide from industry and transport. Transportation adds about 13 percent of manmade carbon to the atmosphere. Hydrogen boasts zero emissions: it can be produced from water through electrolysis, or harvested as the waste product of nuclear reactors and chemical plants. Within a few years, perhaps a a decade, hydrogen fuel will shift the world’s energy balance away from oil.
(Adapted from various sources - PTT BPPK)
What is the author’s main purpose in writing the passage?
(A) to explain about the industrial uses of hydrogen
(B) to describe the chemical properties of hydrogen
(C) to give examples of the combination of hydrogen and oil
(D) to discuss the breakthrough in hydrogen technology
The word rein in in paragraph 3 could be best replaced by ....
The following are the reasons why the hydrogen technology unlikely gains a development, EXCEPT ....
(A) it needs a lot of money to scale up development
(B) it needs a lot of refueling network
(C) it needs a steady distribution system
(D) it needs the support of major car companies
According to the passage, why was the hydrogen less preferable energy source to petroleum?
(A) because it was highly flammable
(B) because it boasted zero emissions
(C) because it was a waste of nuclear reactors
(D) because it was the abundant elements on earth
It can be inferred from the passage that capillary array is ....
(A) simpler than scuba tank
(B) more complex than scuba tank
(C) more intricate than scuba tank
(D) cheaper than scuba tank