- Latihan Soal
Now you are watching :
Rose : “We failed the contest. You’re not doing your share.”
Sara : “….”
If Sara admits her fault, she may say ...
(A) You’re the one who’s wrong
(B) That’s easy to say in hindsight
(C) I am fully responsible
You : “Good afternoon, … Yesterday you delivered my laundry to my house, but you forgot my shirt.”
The person : “All right, could you fill out this form? We will get back to you soon.”
The best expression to fill in the blank is ...
(A) I am here to complain about your service
(B) I was wrong
(C) I don’t know
Jim : “You are very smart, but you really need to improve your English.”
Kim : “What do you mean?”
From the conversation above, Jim is trying to express …
Situation : Your friend is presenting in front of the class. He seems nervous and he doesn’t speak clearly. To criticize him, you may say the following, EXCEPT …
(A) next time you may want to brush up your presentation skill before standing in front of the class
(B) your presentation was awful
(C) I should have known better
Diana : “Can I talk to you for a sec?”
Earl : “Well, I am afraid I am busy now.’
Diana tries to …
(A) show her curiosity
(B) talk about possibilities
(C) start a discussion
Aria : “Mr. Parkman, can I bother you with something?”
Mr. Parkman : “Certainly.”
Aria : “... Do you know why the government didn’t lower our export taxes?”
To express curiosity the followings can replace the blank, except …
(A) I want to know something
(B) I’ve been meaning to ask you
(C) Can I talk to you?
Hurley : “Why do we have certain age to be considered an adult?”
Ilyas : “I don’t know. Let me think.”
Hurley : “…”
To talk about possibilities, the best expression to fill the gap is …
(A) Is it possible for people older than adult age to still think like children?
(B) Do you think we are capable of doing this job?
(C) Can we stop doing our homework?
For question No 08-10.
Who is responsible for the ad?
(A) a video game company
(B) a travel company
(C) a toy sword company
Read each of the ad claims below and decide if it would be easy or hard to tell which are true.
|(A)||The graphics are state-of-the-art.|
|(B)||The game breaks all the rules.|
|(C)||There are 10 levels.|
Where do you expect to see this ad? Choose only one.
(A) sport magazine
(B) kids fashion magazine
(C) teenager fashion magazine
(D) game magazine
For qustion No 11-12.
If you want to run this ad, which station would be the best for reaching the audience?
(A) Channel A.
63% sport, 26% home repair, 11% tv.
(B) Channel B.
68% home repair, 18% sports, 14% music.
(C) Channel C.
49% tv, 32% music, 19% reading.
Who is responsible for the ad?
(A) Darrell Yell
(B) A group that wants you to exercise more
(C) Double Dunk basketballs
For question No 13-16.
Find the claim in the ads above! Do you believe it? Why?
For question 17-19.
What is this ad trying to get you to think?
(A) you look good in yellow
(B) if you buy these clothes, you’ll be popular
(C) your closet’s too full already
Which two techniques are used in the Zed ad?
(A) Association (If I shop at Zed, I’ll be cool like these people)
(B) Repetition (The ad seems to say “Zed” a lot)
(C) Price claims (Zed has “guilt-free prices” and “starts at $22.99”)
Where do you expect to see this ad?
(A) Sport magazine
(B) Kids fashion magazine
(C) Teenager fashion magazine
(D) Game magazine
By Tom Harris.
Humans have been wearing armor for thousands of years. Ancient tribes fastened animal hide and plant material around their bodies when they went out on the hunt, and the warriors of ancient Rome and medieval Europe covered their torsos in metal plates before going into battle. By the 1400s, armor in the Western world had become highly sophisticated. With the right armor, you were nearly invincible.
All that changed with the development of cannons and guns in the 1500s. These weapons hurl projectiles at a high rate of speed, giving them enough energy to penetrate thin layers of metal. You can increase the thickness of traditional armor materials, but they soon become too cumbersome and heavy for a person to wear. It wasn’t until the 1960s that engineers developed a reliable bullet-resistant armor that a person could wear comfortably. Unlike traditional armor, this soft body armor is not made out of pieces of metal, it is formed from advanced woven fibers that can be sewn into vests and other soft clothing.
Soft body armor is a fairly mystifying concept: How can a soft piece of clothing stop bullets? The principle at work is actually quite simple. At its heart, a piece of bullet-proof material is just a very strong net.
To see how this works, think of a soccer goal. The back of the goal consist of a net formed by many long lengths of tether, interlaced with each other and fastened to the goal frame. When you kick the soccer ball into the goal, the ball has a certain amount of energy, in the form of forward inertia. When the ball hits the net, it pushes back on the tether lines at that particular point. Each tether extends from one side of the frame to the other, dispersing the energy from the point of impact over a wide area.
The energy is further dispersed because the tethers are interlaced. When the ball pushes on a horizontal length of tether, that tether pulls on every interlaced vertical tether. These tethers in turn pull on all the connected horizontal tethers. In this way, the whole net works to absorb the ball’s inertial energy, no matter where the ball hits.
If you were to put a piece of bulletproof material under a powerful microscope, you would see a similar structure. Long strands of fiber are interlaced to form a dense net. A bullet is traveling much faster than a soccer ball, of course, so the net needs to be made from stronger material. The most famous material used in body armor is DuPont’s KEVLAR fiber. KEVLAR is lightweight, like a traditional clothing fiber, but it is five times stronger than a piece of steel of the same weight When interwoven into a dense net, this material can absorb a great amount of energy.
In addition to stopping the bullet from reaching your body, a piece of body armor also has to protect against blunt trauma caused by the force of the bullet.
When you kick a ball into a soccer goal, the net is pushed back pretty far, slowing the ball down gradually. This is a very efficient design for a goal because it keeps the ball from bouncing out into the field. But bulletproof material can’t give this much because the vest would push too far into the wearer’s both at the point of impact. Focusing the blunt trauma of the impact in a small area can cause severe internal injuries.
Bulletproof vests have to spread the blunt trauma out over the whole vest so that the force isn’t felt too intensely in any one spot. To do this, the bulletproof material must have a very tight weave. Typically, the individual fibers are twisted, increasing their density and their thickness at each point. To make it even more rigid, the material is coated with a resin substance and sandwiched between two layers of plastic film.
A person wearing body armor will still feel the energy of a bullet’s impact, of course, but over the whole torso rather than in a specific area. If everything works correctly, the victim won’t be seriously hurt. Since no one layer can move a good distance, the vest has to slow the bullet down using many different layers. Each “net” slows the bullet a little bit more, until the bullet finally stops. The material also causes the bullet to deform at the point of the impact Essentially, the bullet spreads out at the tip, in the same way a piece of day spreads out if you throw It against a wall. This process, which further reduces the energy of the bullet, is called “mushrooming.”
To sum up, modern soft body armor consists of several layers of super-strong webbing. This material disperses the energy of a bullet over a wide area, preventing penetration and dissipating blunt trauma. This sort of armor, as well as hard armor, ranges considerably in effectiveness, depending on the materials used as well as the armor design. However, no bulletproof vest is completely impenetrable, and there is no piece of body armor that will make you invulnerable to attack.
The best topic of the text is …
(A) Shark Breathing Technique
(B) Shark Senses
(C) Shark Smell
(D) Shark Abilities
(E) Shark Roles
Which one is TRUE according to the text?
(A) more than half of sharks’ brain weight is composed of olfactory lobes
(B) sharks always kill their preys
(C) sharks can use their mouths to smell their preys
(D) similar to other types of fish, sharks breathe with gills
(E) sharks swim back and forth to understand how they preys taste
Why would the author mention “teaspoon” and ”swimming pool” in paragraph 1?
(A) to show how sharks behave
(B) to demonstrate the importance of shark smell
(C) to give example of how sharks hunt its preys
(D) to make the readers understand how powerful sharks’ smell is
(E) to show that sharks can smell scents from far away