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- Latihan Soal
Andy : “Based on the evidence, Cameron is guilty.”
Clarice : “You took the words right out of my mouth.”
What Clarice says is mostly synonymous with .
(A) that’s exactly what I am thinking
(B) what do you think about it?
(C) I couldn’t disagree more
(D) that’s unthinkable
January : “I think it is a good idea to let students enter the class even though they are late. Basically it can increase the school attendence.”
May : “We see eye to eye on this.”
The underlined expression shows _ .
(A) May asks for opinion
(B) May’s agreement
(C) May’s disagreement
(D) May’s satisfaction
Teacher :” “
Student : “I think forcing the students to wear uniform is a violation of human rights.”
What is the best expression to fill the gap?
(A) That’s unthinkable.
(B) What is your opinion about school uniform?
(C) What is it?
(D) That’s for certain.
Claudia : “The essay is filled with data inaccuracy.”
Lucy : “You don’t know what you are talking about .”
The best expression to fill the gap above is .
(A) you are missing the boat
(B) I agree
(C) in my opinion, it is rubbish
(D) what is you opinion?
Situation : You are driving your car and suddenly a policeman stops you.
Policeman : “You just broke a traffic regulation.”(a)
You : “No, I didn’t. I drove very slowly.”
Policeman : “It is not about the speed (b). You didn’t signal to turn right.”(c)
You : “How dare you. I always remember to signal my turn. You must be lying.”
Policeman : “Watch your word (d). It was recorded by the camera inside that traffic light(e). I suggest that you sign this form of violation.”(f)
You : “you must be kidding me. I don’t believe it, you dumb policeman.”
Policeman : “I warn you not to say one more word, or I’II put you in jail.”(g)
The policeman warns you in sentence . (You can choose more than one answer)
You : Do you think I should study tonight?
Your roommate : I am afraid I can’t help you. Decide it yourself.
The underlined expression shows that .
(A) your roommate gives you some advice
(B) you roommate warns you
(C) your roommate asks for some advice
(D) you roommate refuses to give you some advice
James : “I think I saw you at a supermarket yesterday.”
Lydia : “I didn’t go to any supermarkets yesterday. It wasn’t me that you saw.”
James : “Really? That’s strange. I remember I saw a peach yesterday.”
What James says show __.
Luke : “Hey, dio you know who won the game?”
Gina : “I couldn’t care less.”
The underlined expression is synonymous with _ .
(A) we’re perfect match
(B) I’m really sad
(C) it doesn’t matter to me
(D) I am chewing tome
(E) I’m ashamed
Snoring is a common condition that can affect anyone, although it occurs more frequently in men and people who are overweight. Snoring has a tendency to worsen with age.
Snoring occurs when the flow of air through the mouth and nose is physically obstructed. Air flow can be obstructed by a combination of factors. Firstly, Some people snore due to obstructed nasal airways. It usually happens during allergy seasons, when they have sinus infection, or when they have deformities of the nose structure. Secondly, some people may have poor muscle tone in the throat and tongue due to deep sleep, alcohol consumption, use of some sleeping pills, and even normal aging. As a result, these too relaxed muscles can collapse and fall back into the airway. Next, some people have bulky throat tissue. Bulky throat tissue can be caused by being overweight or, in children, by large tonsils and adenoids, the enlarged tissue between the back of the nose and throat. Lastly, a long soft palate (the roof of the mouth) and a long uvula (the dangling tissue in the back of the mouth) can narrow the opening from the nose to the throat. When these structures vibrate and bump against one another the airway becomes obstructed.
There are two types of snoring. Occasional snoring is usually not very serious and is mostly a nuisance for your bed partner. However, if you are a habitual snorer, you not only disrupt the sleep patterns of those.
Close to you, but you also impair your own sleep quality. Medical assistance is often needed for habitual snorers to get a good night’s sleep.
Habitual snorers can be at risk for serious health problems, including obstructive sleep apnea. Sleep apnea creates several problems including interruptions of breathing, frequent waking from sleep. light sleeping, poor night’s sleep, and throat tissue can be caused by being overweight or, in children, by large tonsils and adenoids, the enlarged tissue between the back of the nose and throat. Lastly, a long soft palate (the roof of the mouth) and a long uvula (the dangling tissue in the back of the mouth) can narrow the opening from the nose to the throat. When these structures vibrate and bump against one another the airway becomes obstructed.
There are two types of snoring. Occasional snoring Is usually not very serious and Is mostly a nuisance for your bed partner. However, If you are a habitual snorer, you not only disrupt the sleep patterns of those close to you, but you also Impair your own sleep quality. Medical assistance Is often needed for habitual snorers to get a good night’s sleep.
Habitual snorers can be at risk for serious health problems, including obstructive sleep apnea. Sleep apnea creates several problems including interruptions of breathing, frequent waking from sleep, light sleeping, poor night’s sleep, and strain on the heart.
What is the purpose of this text?
(A) to persuade people not to snore
(B) to tell us about the author’s past experience
(C) to give general information about snoring
(D) to reduce the incidence of sleep apnea
(E) to helo people to get a good sleep
According to the text, which one is TRUE?
(A) Bulky throat tissue may cause snoring in children
(B) poor muscle tone will result in deep sleep, alcohol consumption, sleeping pills, and aging
(C) air flow through the mouth and nose can only be obstructed by allergy
(D) a long soft palate and a long uvula can cause snoring by enlarging the opening from the nose to the throat
(E) sleep apnea causes snoring
What can be infered from the text about snoring?
(A) snorers tend to be female
(B) underweight people do not snore
(C) habitual snorers sleep better than their bed partners
(D) people who snore habitually have obstructive sleep apnea
(E) when the snorer gets older, the snoring may get more severe
The underlined word “obstructed” is similar in meaning to ....
Why did the author mention obstructive sleep apnea?
(A) to inform people of the cause of habitual snoring
(B) to emphasize the danger of habitual snoring
(C) to compare habitual snoring to a worse disease
(D) to tell the readers about the effects of sleep apnea
(E) to show the readers that occassional snoring will evolve into a more serious health problem
A motorist, driving by a large ranch, accidentally hit and killed a calf that was crossing the road. The driver went to the owner of the calf and explained what had happened.
He then asked what the animal was worth.
“Oh, about $200 today, “said the rancher. “But in six years it would be worth $900. So $900 is what I’m out.
The motorist sat down, wrote out a cheque and handed it to the farmen.
“Here,” he said, “is the cheque for $900. It’s postdated six years from now.”
The underlined word “accidentally” is mostly antonymous to …
(A) by chance
Text 18 - 21.
An elderly gentleman of 85 feared his wife was getting hard of hearing. So one day he called her doctor to make an appointment to have her hearing checked. The doctor made an appointment for a hearing test in two weeks, and meanwhile there’s a simple informal test the husband could do to give the doctor some idea of the state of her problem.
“Here’s what you do,” said the doctor. “Start out about 40 feet away from her, and in a normal conversational speaking tone see if she hears you. If not, go to 30 feet, then 20 feet, and so on until you get a response.”
That evening, the wife is in the kitchen cooking dinner, and he’s in the living room. He says to himself, “I’m about 40 feet away, let’s see what happens.” Then in a normal tone he asks, “Honey, what’s for supper?”
So the husband, moved to the other end of the room, about 30 feet from his wife and repeats, “Honey, what’s for supper?”
Still no response.
Next he moves into the dining room where he is about 20 feet from his wife and asks, ”Honey, what’s for supper?”
Again he gets no response.
So he walks up to the kitchen door, only 10 feet away.” Honey, what’s for supper?”
Again there is no response.
So he walks right up behind her.”Honey, what’s for supper?”
“Damn it Earl, for the fifth time, CHICKEN!”
Why did the husband call the doctor?
The underlined word “conversational” is mostly similar in meaning to ....
Text 22 - 25.
Why College Athletes Should be Paid?
There has been major discussion recently if college athletes should or shouldn’t be paid while they are in school. The first thing opponents say is, “They’re already getting a scholarship! That’s more than anybody else! Don’t be greedy!”
Fine, lets’s not be greedy and look at how much a scholarship is actually worth. On average, a full Division 1 scholarship is $25.000 per year.
“That’s $100.000 over four years!”
Yes it is, but most athletes don’t last at a school for the whole four years. Once you get a sport involved, there are politics, injuries, and a call to the office to tell the player, “Thanks, but we don’t need you on this team anymore.” Many players will get a scholarship for a year or two, then transfer to a different school which turns out to be a better situation.
A $25.000 scholarship may seem like a lot of money, but it really only cobers the basics. It covers thousands of dollars in mysterious, uknown university fees, tuition, housing, a meal plan and multiple hundred dollar textbooks. Some players, if they some from a low income household, get a few hundred dollars each semester from Pell Grants which enables them to buy chicken soup instead of chicken flavored ramen.
Contrary to what all the opponents believe, being an athlete is a full time job. On a typical day, a player will wake up before classes, get a life or conditioning session in, go to class until 3 or 4 p.m, go to mandatory study half, and then finish homework or study for a test.
The point of this is that a scholarship doesn’t equal cash in a player’s pocker. Even with any type of scholarship, college athlates are typically dead broke. But how much do the top NCAA executives make? About $1 million per year.
Who else makes money off these near-professional level athletes?
First, their own coaches. Many coaches earn at least $100,000 per year to coach one of the major sport like baseball, basketball, or football at a school. These coaches will receive bonuses for getting to the playoffs, winning championships or breaking school records. You know what athletes receive as a bonus? Nothing.
Second is the NCAA. Recently, the NCAA and CBS signed a $10.8 billion television agreement over 14 years. The NCAA is also considered a non-profit company.
Third, the athletic programs. Universities bring in hundreds of thousands or even millions of dollars to their athletic programs each year. Through donations, ticket sales, media rights, advertising, and anything else with a price tag, these athletes are symbols for their school and their program. If a school makes a huge scientific achievement, they will be in the newspaper for a few days. The athletic teams, however, are in the newspaper the entire year.
The flip side if this is that not all sports teams are profitable. For example, some less popular teams like swimming, tennis, or volleyball don’t earn the university much money, and the bigger sports like basketball and football make up for the lost revenue. So why would we pay athletes if entire teams are struggling to survive?
We would pay athletes because when President Theodore Roosevelt helped create the NCAA in 1906, he had no idea what it would grow into. At first, it was a great place to watch athletes play sports while making sure the rules were being followed. But now in the 21st century, the NCAA is a billion dollar company. Why hasn’t anything changed? Because the decision makers have the mentality of, “This is the way it’s always been.” They’re scared to make amendments, even when it’s necessary.
I’m not saying we should be paying athletes $5.000 or even $10.000 per semester, if each athlete got $2.000 paid over the course of the semester, this would give them some spending cash and an opportunity to start managing their money.
Most athletic programs can’t afford to pay athletes on their own, so the NCAA and their executives need to figure out a way to start compensating their golden geese.
Athletes earn their schools hundreds of thousands of dollars, increase enrollment, and if they do well, provide a recruiting picec for generations. Top NCAA executives are getting $1 million per year while an athlete can’t earn $50 from signing a few autographs.
Let’s open our eyes to what’s really going on. The NCAA “prevents student athletes from allowing their likeness to be used for promotional purpose.”
There’s only one thing I can say to this: Why?
What is proposed by the author?
The underlined word “they” (paragraph 15) refers to ...
(B) decision makers
(D) President Theodore Roosevelt’s and his team
What does it mean by the underlined word “mandatory” (paragraph 6)?
Why would the author mention certain monetary values (paragraph 9, 11, and 12)?
(A) to refuse the argument that athletes need to be paid
(B) to show that NCAA and sport coaches are successful institution/people
(C) to illustrate how munch money every party can get from sport
(D) to emphasize the disparity between athletes and the related constituents
(E) to compare the disparity between athletes and the related constituents