- Latihan Soal
Historians have traced the first toothbrushes to the 11TH-century China. They were made of bristles from Siberian hogs, (41)___ in cold climates to increase their bristles. The bristles were attached (42)___ handles made of bamboo or wood.
During the Dark Ages in Europe, dental hygiene consisted of using the tip of a knife as a toothpick. (43)___ hogbristle toothbrushes came to Europe in the 15TH century, many people found the bristles too stiff, and preferred toothpicks. Other people used horsehair or badger hair brushes, which were too soft to do much good.
(44)___, in England by the late 19TH century, mass production of hogbristle toothbrushes was underway. (45)___ 1938, in the United States, that toothbrushes made of synthetic nylon were introduced. Again, people found them too stiff.
(A) which were raised
(B) who were raised
(C) whom they were raised
(D) which raised
(E) which were raising
Finally in the 1950s, softer nylon brushes arrived. As for toothpaste, (46)___ in an Egyptian tomb dating back 4000 years. Since it contained strong vinegar along with powdered pumice stone, it actually wore down tooth enamel, (47)___ decay.
The Romans had similar recipes, with similar results, but one of their ingredients was urine. The ammonia found in urine may offer protection (48)____ decay, and ammonia compounds are still used in some toothpastes today.
Up until the 19TH century, toothpastes were (49)___. But they continued to evolve, and after World War II modern toothpaste (50)___ produced. The introduction of fluoride in 1956 caused a dramatic drop in cavities.
(A) its earliest recorded recipe was found
(B) found in an earliest recipe, was recorded
(C) was found in its earliest recorded recipe
(D) it was found in earliest recorded recipe
(E) it was recorded earliest in a recipe found
(A) good as much as harm
(B) doing so good as much harm
(C) doing so good as much as doing good
(D) doing as much harm as good
U.S. pop and soul music legend Stevie Wonder told diplomats from nearly 200 nations on Monday to stop squabbling over copyright and agree on a pact bringing "hope and light" to blind people around the globe.
And the singer-musician, himself sightless since just after birth, warned negotiators at the United Nations intellectual property and copyright agency WIPO that he would write a sad song about them if they didn't act on his appeal.
"We must declare a state of emergency and end the information deprivation that continues to keep the visually impaired in the dark," said Wonder, whose music has won dozens of top awards in his 50-year career.
He told delegates on the opening day of WIPO's annual assembly that they should agree on an action plan that would empower the blind and near-blind by side-stepping copyright rules and giving them access to books and learning.
This passage mainly discusses ...
(A) Stevie wonder’s appeal for the blind
(B) deprivation of information of the visually impaired
(C) Stevie Wonder’s song for WIPO members
(D) World Blind Union
(E) WIPO’s annual assembly
It can be inferred from the passage that the word “light” in the phrase “hope and light”in paragraph 1 refers to ...
(B) intellectual property
(C) braille audio
(D) provision of information
From the term “a state of emergency” in paragraph 3, it can be inferred that it refers to a state where ...
(A) WIPO members are unable to come up with a solution
(B) diplomats squabble over copyright
(C) the blinds are kept in the dark
(D) copyright rules are side-stepped
(E) cross-border copyright rules cannot be overcome
The passage mentins that Stevie Wonder pleaded that the delegates of WIPO’s annual assembly should ...
(A) agree on a pact
(B) declare a state of emergency
(C) finance translation of books in Braille
(D) evede copyright rules
(E) empower the blind
It is stated in the passage that as a wrap-up, Stevie Wonder sang ...
(A) for 10 minutes
(B) famous line from his best-loved songs
(C) Lines from I Just Called to Say I Love You and Keep Our Love Alive
(D) many of his best loved songs
(E) two songs
The word “accompaniment” in paragraph 5 is closest in meaning to ...
(A) two types of musical instruments played at the same time
(B) a pianist who plays one part of piece of music while someone else sings
(C) music that is played as a background to a song
(D) to escort someone to go somewhere
(E) to make something more adequate
Where in the passage does the writer indicate the reason for the delay in translating books into braille?
(A) paragraph 2
(B) paragraph 5
(C) paragraph 7
(D) paragraph 10
(E) paragraph 11
According to the passage, The World Blind Union ...
(A) argues that piracy of texts is intolerable
(B) came up with a practical solution
(C) totally agrees to free rights of translation
(D) publishes works in brailler or audio
(E) advocates acces to books and learning for the visually impaired
Whose minds does Stevie Wonder refer to as the greatest minds in paragraph 11? …
(A) UN Massenger of Peace
(B) WIPO delegates
(C) World Blind Union
(E) WIPO members